Alabama is named after the river which is named after a noted southern Indian tribe whose habitat was in what is now central Alabama. Alabama covers 50,744 square miles, with a 2013 estimated population of 4,833,722 people - 1,159,361 living in rural Alabama (USDA-ERS). The state capital is Montgomery. The largest cities are Birmingham, Montgomery and Mobile. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 69.8% of the state’s population is white, 26.6% is Black/African-American, and 4.1% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (2013).
There are 102 hospitals in Alabama (Kaiser, 2011), 3 of which are identified by the Flex Monitoring Team as Critical Access Hospitals (February 2014). There are 77 Rural Health Clinics in Alabama (Kaiser, 2012) and 14 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 143 sites in the state (Kaiser, 2011).
14.0% of Alabama residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2011). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Alabama residents in 2012 was $35,926, although rural per-capita income lagged at $30,581. Estimates from 2012 specify a poverty rate of 22.7% in rural Alabama, compared with 17.9% in urban areas of the state. 2012 ACS data finds that 23.8% of the rural population has not completed high school, while 15.3% of the urban population lacks a high school diploma. The unemployment rate in rural Alabama is 7.6%, while in urban Alabama it is 6.1% (USDA-ERS, 2013).For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.
U.S. Census Bureau: State & County QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List
There are more organizations related to Alabama in the organizations section.
Last Reviewed: 3/21/2014