American Samoa is a group of 5 islands and 2 atolls in the South Pacific Ocean. It is an unincorporated and unorganized territory of the United States, and its residents are U.S. nationals who may become naturalized U.S. citizens. American Samoa has a land mass of 76 square miles, (CIA, 2014) with a population of 55,519 (Census, 2010).
Pago Pago, the capital, is located on the island of Tutuila. According to the 2010 Census, 92.6% of the population of American Samoa is native Pacific Islander, 3.6% is Asian, and 0.9% is white. 96.1% of the population speaks languages other than English.
American Samoa has one hospital, the LBJ Tropical Medical Center, a 128-bed general acute care hospital, and five primary health centers. The American Samoa Department of Health is responsible for public health, communicable disease control, and local health dispensaries.
According to the U.S. Census, the median household income for American Samoans is $23,892. 4.8% of the civilian labor force is unemployed, and 48.3% of American Samoans completed high school.
For additional resources and information, see Pacific Territories, Commonwealth, and Freely Associated States.
CIA World Fact Book: American Samoa; Country Health Information Profile: American Samoa; U.S. Census 2010; U.S. Affiliated Pacific Basin Jurisdictions: Legal, Geographic and Demographic Information