American Samoa is a group of 7 islands in the South Pacific Ocean. It is an unincorporated and unorganized territory of the United States, and its residents are U.S. nationals who may become naturalized U.S. citizens. American Samoa has a land mass of 199 square miles, (CIA, 2013) with a population of 55,519 (Census, 2010).
Pago Pago, the capital, is located on the island of Tutuila, which has approximately 95% of the population. According to the 2010 Census, 92.6% of the population is native Pacific Islander, 3.6% is Asian, and 0.9% is white. 96.1% of the population speaks languages other than English.
American Samoa has one hospital, the LBJ Tropical Medical Center, a 128-bed general acute care hospital, and five primary health centers. According to the WHO Western Pacific Regional Office, in 2003 American Samoa was served by 49 physicians, 15 dentists, 2 pharmacists, and 127 nurses. The American Samoa Department of Health is responsible for public health, communicable disease control, and local health dispensaries.
According to the U.S. Census, the median household income for American Samoans is $23,892. 4.8% of the civilian labor force is unemployed, and 48.3% of American Samoans completed high school.
For additional resources and information, see Pacific Territories, Commonwealth, and Freely Associated States.
CIA World Fact Book: American Samoa; Country Health Information Profile: American Samoa; U.S. Census 2010; U.S. Affiliated Pacific Basin Jurisdictions: Legal, Geographic and Demographic Information
Last Reviewed: 5/28/2013