Guam is an island in the North Pacific Ocean, and is the largest and southernmost island in the Mariana Islands archipelago. It is an organized, unincorporated territory of the United States, and its residents are U.S. citizens. Guam has a land mass of 212 square miles, with an estimated population of 178,430 (CIA, 2009). The capital, Hagåtña (formerly Agana), is located on Guam's western coast. According to the 2000 Census, 44.6% of the population is native Pacific Islander, 32.5% is Asian, 6.8% white, 1% African-American/Black and 1.2% other. While over 99% of the population speaks English, most residents speak another language as well, with Chamorro and the Phillippine languages being the most common.
Guam's hospital, the Guam Memorial Hospital, is located in Tamuning. The island is served by two Federally Qualified Health Centers, the Southern and Northern Region Community Health Centers, which provide primary healthcare, acute outpatient care, and preventive services and are under Guam's Bureau of Primary Care Services. The WHO Western Pacific Regional Office reports that in 2000 Guam was served by 166 physicians and 31 dental surgeons.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the average annual wages for Guamanians in 2008 was $29,400, with approximately 20% of families below poverty level. Data from the 2000 Census finds that 23.7% of residents had not completed high school. Approximately 65.6% of the population 16 years and older is part of the labor force, with 58.7% employed and 7% unemployed.
For additional resources and information, see Pacific Territories, Commonwealth, and Freely Associated States.
CIA World Fact Book: Guam
; Country Health Information Profile: Guam
(U.S. Census); Population and Housing Profile: 2000 for Guam
; U.S. Affiliated Pacific Basin Jurisdictions: Legal, Geographic and Demographic Information
; Occupational Employment and Average Annual Wages in Guam, Puerto Rico, and Virgin Islands: 2008
(U.S. Census Bureau)
Government of Guam
Official site of the government of the island of Guam.
Guam Department of Public Health and Social Services (DPHSS)
Includes the Division of Public Health, Division of Environmental Health, Division of Public Welfare, and Division of Senior Citizens.
Hawaii Pacific REC
Hawaii State Health Information Technology Regional Extension Center (REC) that helps health care providers become meaningful users of electronic health records by providing information and technical assistance.
HUD Community Development Block Grants: Guam (CDBG)
Contact information for the State CDBG program. Provides funding for community development projects.
Mountain Pacific Quality Health Foundation
A Quality Improvement Organization (QIO) working to improve the health of people in Montana, Wyoming, Alaska, Hawaii, American Samoa, Guam, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.
Pacific Basin Telehealth Resource Center
One of the telehealth resource centers funded by the federal Office for the Advancement of Telehealth. Assists health care organizations, health care networks, and health care providers in the implementation of cost-effective telehealth programs to serve rural and medically underserved areas and populations. Includes Hawaii and the Pacific Basin.
Western Rural Development Center (WRDC)
One of four regional development centers in the nation. Participates in rural development research and extension (outreach) projects cooperatively with universities in the West. Serves a 13 state area in the Western region and 4 U.S. Pacific Territories, which includes WA, UT, WY, NV, ID, HI, CA, AZ, AK, OR, NM, MT, and CO.
2010 Census Island Areas
Access demographic information for American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, and the U.S. Virgin Islands.
2012 Statistical Abstract: Puerto Rico & the Island Areas
Presents summary economic and social statistics for Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Northern Mariana Islands.
California STD/HIV Prevention Training Center
Provides training courses that are designed to meet the needs of medical, health, and community professionals serving persons and communities impacted by STD and HIV. Service area includes the federal Health and Human Services Region IX: California, Arizona, Nevada, Hawaii, and the following Pacific Islands: American Samoa, the Federated States of Micronesia, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, and the Republic of Palau.
CIA World Fact Book: Guam
Provides current information on Guam, covering geography, population characteristics, government and the economy.
FastStats State and Territorial Data
Provides data and statistics on a variety of health topics by state.
Health Care Law and You: A Webinar Series
Collection of presentations explaining how the Affordable Care Act will increase health care access and reduce health care disparities for Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders.
NN/LM Pacific Southwest Region: Regional Information for the U. S. Territories in the Pacific
Overview of the region, with links to state and regional agencies, health associations, and other resources for the U.S. Associated Pacific Islands including American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), Federated States of Micronesia (FSM), Guam, Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI), and Republic of Palau (Palau).
Office of Insular Affairs: Guam
Provides an overview of Guam's history, government, economy, and demographics.
Funded by a grant from the SAMHSA, this site offers resources to help combat alcohol, tobacco, and drug use as well as to establish and sustain effective, evidence-based substance abuse prevention and early intervention programs for Guam citizens.
Population and Housing Profile: 2000 for Guam
Provides detailed demographic, economic and housing data for Guam based on the 2000 Census.
Social, Economic, and Housing Characteristics: 2000 for Guam
Provides detailed data on age, ethnicity, employment, poverty, and housing characteristics for Guam, based on the 2000 Census.
Statistical Abstract of the United States 2012: Puerto Rico and the Island Areas
Presents a summary of economic and social statistics for Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Northern Mariana Islands.
Title V: A Snapshot of Maternal and Child Health: Guam
Presents data on maternal and child health for Guam.
Western Pacific Region: Guam
Includes access to the health databank, country profile and statistical annex, which provide demographic, political, and socioeconomic data as well as health-seeking behaviors, health conditions and status.
Gannett Foundation Community Action Grants
Supports local organizations with funding priority given to programs that focus on education and neighborhood improvement, economic development, youth development, community problem-solving, assistance to disadvantaged people, environmental conservation, and cultural enrichment.
Inactive Funding Opportunities -
Lists additional funding programs for this state that are not currently accepting applications. Programs that are inactive may be offered again in the future.
Documents, Reports and Other Publications
Maternal and Child Health Services Title V Block Grant State Overview Narrative for Guam
Sponsoring organization: Maternal and Child Health
Includes an overview of Guam, its health system, and maternal and child health status.
NCD Statistics for the Pacific Islands Countries and Territories
Sponsoring organization: Secretariat of the Pacific Community
Presents data ranging from the years 2002 through 2009 on behavioral and biochemical risk factors for and the incidence and death rates from non-communicable diseases in the Pacific Islands including: American Samoa, the Federated States of Micronesia, Guam, the Marshall Islands, and Palau.
Opportunities and Challenges: Implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and the U.S. Pacific Territories
Sponsoring organization: Asian & Pacific Islander American Health Forum
Describes provisions in the Affordable Care Act that will benefit Americans living in the U.S. Territories by increasing access, ensuring quality and advancing prevention and public health.
Date: 05 / 2011
Puerto Rico and the U.S. Island Areas
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau
Provides a brief history of Puerto Rico and the U.S. Island Areas, including: American Samoa, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Presents demographic, economic, and educational data gathered between 2007 and 2010.
Results of the Community Facilities Program FY 2009-2011
Sponsoring organization: USDA Rural Development
Describes projects that were funded through USDA Rural Development's Community Facilities Program, which supports essential infrastructure and services for public use (including healthcare, education, public safety, and public services) in rural areas of 20,000 in population or less. Projects were granted in every state, plus Puerto Rico, the Federated States of Micronesia, Guam, and American Samoa.
Date: 06 / 2012
Small Business Profile: U.S. Territories
Sponsoring organization: Small Business Administration
Profile of the economy: covering the number of firms, industry composition, small business income, banking, women and minority business ownership, and employment in Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam, the Northern Marianas, and American Samoa.
Date: 2 / 2013
Title V Maternal and Child Health Needs Assessment: Guam
Sponsoring organization: Maternal and Child Health
Provides access to Guam's maternal and child health needs assessment for the period of 2011-2015. Includes a detailed overview of maternal and child health status in Guam.
U.S. Pacific Islands: Helping Hearts
The purpose of this program is to provide the U.S. Pacific Islands region with automatic external defibrillators (AEDs), and educate to residents so they can train others in their use and save more lives.