Michigan is surrounded by four of the Great Lakes and has the longest shoreline in the continental United States. The state's name is taken from the Indian word “Michigama,” meaning great or large lake. It is the only state made up of two peninsulas, the lower "Mitten" and the Upper Peninsula, or U.P. Michigan covers 56,804 square miles, with a 2011 estimated population of 9,876,187 people – 1,847,839 living in rural Michigan (USDA-ERS). Lansing, the capital, is located in the middle of Michigan's Lower Peninsula. The state’s largest cities are Detroit, Grand Rapids and Warren. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 80.2% of the state’s population is white, 14.3% is African-American/Black, 2.5% is Asian, and 4.5% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (2011).
There are 156 hospitals in Michigan (Kaiser, 2010). The state has 36 hospitals identified by the Flex Monitoring Team as Critical Access Hospitals (March 2013). There are 172 Rural Health Clinics in Michigan (Kaiser, 2012), and 29 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 171 sites in the state (Kaiser, 2010). Most Michiganians have some form of health insurance coverage, although 13.0% of the state's residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2011).
According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Michiganians in 2010 was $34,714, although rural per-capita income lagged at $30,194. Estimates from 2010 indicate a poverty rate of 17.0% exists in rural Michigan, compared to a 16.7% level in urban areas of the state. 2010 ACS data reports that 12.3% of the rural population has not completed high school, compared to 11.9% of urban populations. The unemployment rate in rural Michigan is at 10.6% while in urban Michigan it is at 10.2% (USDA-ERS, 2011).
For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.
U.S. Census Bureau: State & County QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List
Bureau of Services for Blind Persons
Provides services to people in Michigan who are blind or visually impaired. Provides opportunities to blind individuals to achieve employability and/or function independently in society.
Great Lakes Rural Community Assistance Program (RCAP)
Assists rural low-income individuals and underserved populations in developing and maintaining community infrastructure to improve rural quality of life through a network of community action agencies.
HUD Community Development Block Grants: Michigan (CDBG)
Contact information for the State CDBG program. Provides funding for community development projects.
Michigan Area Health Education Center (MI-AHEC)
Works to improve access to clinical education in primary care urban and rural settings for all Michigan residents. Comprised of five regional AHEC centers.
Michigan Center for Effective IT Adoption (M-CEITA)
Michigan State Health Information Technology Regional Extension Center (REC) that helps health care providers become meaningful users of electronic health records by providing information and technical assistance.
Michigan Center for Rural Health (MCRH)
Coordinates resources and activities statewide, collects and disseminates information concerning rural health issues, promotes recruitment and retention of health professionals, and strengthens state/local/federal partnerships. Maintains maps and lists of CAHs and RHCs.
Michigan Community Action Agency Association (MCAAA)
Provides programs and services to help low income individuals and families achieve greater economic self-sufficiency and stability. Includes the Michigan Rural Community Assistance Program (RCAP), and the Michigan Weatherization Assistance Program.
Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (MDARD)
Works for rural development in Michigan. Includes agritourism, agriculture, rural infrastructure, food safety, business development, and farming concerns.
Michigan Department of Community Health (MDCH)
Responsible for health policy and management of the Michigan's publicly-funded health service systems. Focuses on the needs of vulnerable and underserved populations.
Michigan Department of Community Health: Bureau of Substance Abuse and Addition Services
Provides education, prevention, and treatment services related to drug and alcohol abuse.
Michigan Department of Community Health: Developmental Disability Council
Works to facilitate support services to people with developmental disabilities in their communities.
Michigan Department of Community Health: Health Disparity Reduction and Minority Health
Provides a variety of information and resources to reduce health disparities and improve minority health.
Michigan Department of Community Health: Mental Health Services
Provides mental health services for adults who have a mental illness, children, and youth who have an emotional disturbance, and persons who have a developmental disability.
Michigan Department of Human Services (DHS)
Michigan's public assistance, child, and family welfare agency. Provides information on adoption, child care and support, child welfare, domestic violence, foster care, licensing, juvenile justice, and protective services.
Michigan Department of Human Services: Child Support
Provides child support services and enforcement for the state of Michigan.
Michigan Department of Human Services: Michigan Rehabilitation Services (MRS)
Assists individuals with disabilities and vocational handicaps into employment and self-sufficiency.
Michigan Health & Hospital Association (MHA)
Represents community hospitals in Michigan. Advocates for hospitals and patients in providing effective, affordable, and quality health care.
Michigan Office of Special Education and Early Intervention Services (OSE-EIS)
Oversees the administrative funding of education and early intervention programs and services for young children and students with disabilities.
Michigan Primary Care Association (MPCA)
Promotes, supports, and develops quality primary health care services in Michigan. Represents 32 Community Health Centers and other community-based providers in Michigan.
Michigan Rural Council (MRC)
Formed from the merger of two organizations - the Rural Partners of Michigan and the Michigan Rural Network. Addresses rural issues in Michigan, promotes rural development, and advocates for projects and policies that impact rural Michigan.
Michigan State Housing Development Authority (MSHDA)
Provides financial and technical assistance, through public and private partnerships, to create and preserve safe and affordable housing.
Michigan Women's Foundation (MWF)
Helps women and girls achieve economic self-sufficiency and personal well-being. Promotes equal access to education and training. Offers scholarships. Addresses gender discrimination.
National Network of Libraries of Medicine, Greater Midwest Region (NN/LM-GMR)
Works to improve access to health information for health professionals, librarians and members of the public in Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
North Central Regional Center for Rural Development (NCRCRD)
One of four regional rural development centers in the nation. Works with extension professionals, researchers, and partners to enhance rural development outcomes. Serves a 12 state area in the North Central region which includes ND, SD, NE, KS, MN, IA, MO, WI, IL, IN, MI, and OH.
U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development: Michigan (HUD)
Works to increase homeownership, support community development and increase access to affordable housing. The HUD state office provides information about HUD housing programs and local contacts for the state.
Upper Midwest Telehealth Resource Center
One of the telehealth resource centers funded by the federal Office for the Advancement of Telehealth. Assists health care organizations, health care networks, and health care providers in the implementation of cost-effective telehealth programs to serve rural and medically underserved areas and populations. Includes Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, and Ohio.
USDA Rural Development Michigan State Office
Committed to helping improve the economy and quality of life in all of rural America. The Rural Development State Office provides information about Rural Development programs and applications for financial assistance.
Buddy-to-Buddy: Volunteer Veteran Program
Veteran volunteers are trained to help fellow veterans find resources for readjustment issues, including financial and educational issues, emotional challenges, substance problems, legal, or job issues. Website includes a directory of resources for the general public and for health care providers.
ERS State Fact Sheet: Michigan
Lists statistics on population, educational attainment, employment, income, farm characteristics, and farm financial indicators for the state.
Michigan AgrAbility Project
Helps people with disabilities employed in agriculture continue to farm and live independently. Project partners include Michigan State University Extension, Easter Seals-Michigan, Michigan Farm Bureau, and Michigan Rehab Services.
Michigan Health Centers Research & Data
Provides access to information on Federally Qualified Health Centers for the state. Includes a map of FQHC locations, as well as information on the populations served by health centers, services provided, staff, patient visits, costs of care, and use of electronic health information.
Michigan Helping Hand Website
Helps citizens facing economic hardship. Provides links to information regarding jobs and training, unemployment benefits, health care, family support, and housing.
Michigan KIDS COUNT Data Center (KCDC)
Provides data on child well-being for the state. Includes profiles for many Michigan locations; rankings, maps, or trend graphs by topic; and raw data. Includes over 100 measures of child well-being, community-level data.
Basic demographic and economic statistics for the state, with links to county-level data.
Michigan State Health Facts
The latest state-level data on demographics, health, and health policy, including health coverage, access, financing, and state legislation. Individual state profiles and 50-state comparisons.
National Healthcare Quality Report State Snapshot: Michigan
Health care quality report for the state, based on the National Healthcare Quality Report.
NN/LM Greater Midwest Region: Michigan Resources
Overview of the state, with links to state agencies, health associations, and other resources for Michigan.
See also: State-by-State Resources: Tools
Dollar General Youth Literacy Grants
Funding to schools, public libraries, and nonprofit organizations to help students who are below grade level or experiencing difficulty reading.
Entergy Micro Grants
Provides grants for projects that effectively impact arts and culture; community improvement/enrichment; education and literacy; the environment; or healthy families.
First Children's Finance Loan Fund
Loans and technical assistance to child care and early education businesses, especially those serving lower-income communities.
Gannett Foundation Community Action Grants
Supports local organizations with funding priority given to programs that focus on education and neighborhood improvement, economic development, youth development, community problem-solving, assistance to disadvantaged people, environmental conservation, and cultural enrichment.
Investigator Initiated Research Program
Funds Michigan-based applied research projects addressing the quality and cost of health care, access to care, and community health.
Michigan Community Health Matching Program
Grants for non-profit organizations to develop and evaluate new approaches that increase access to health care, address public health issues, improve quality of care, and enhance efficiency of health systems in Michigan.
Michigan Proposal Development Award
Grants to help Michigan-based nonprofit community organizations develop grant proposals for health care initiatives.
National Network of Libraries of Medicine Greater Midwest Region Funding
Provides funding for National Network of Libraries members located in the greater Midwest region to assist them in conducting outreach and technology projects.
Physician Investigator Research Award
Funding for Michigan physicians to explore a research idea concerning quality, cost, or appropriate access to care.
Rural Ambulance Leadership Academy – Level 1
A 4‐level course designed to give students the basic tools and information needed to quickly and successfully assume the role of a leader.
Wells Fargo Corporate Giving Programs
Funding for nonprofit organizations in the areas of community development, education, human services, arts and culture, civic responsibility, and environmental consciousness.
Weyerhaeuser Giving Fund
Awards grants in various rural and urban areas where Weyerhaeuser does business. Funds programs that work in the areas of affordable housing and shelter; education and youth development; environmental stewardship; and human services.
Inactive Funding Opportunities -
Lists additional funding programs for this state that are not currently accepting applications. Programs that are inactive may be offered again in the future.
Documents, Reports and Other Publications
2012 Economic Impact of Health Care in Michigan
Sponsoring organization: Michigan Health & Hospital Association
Quantifies and explains the economic impact of health care in Michigan. Presents economic impact data. Provides information to help residents pursue training, education, and careers in health care. Explores the Medicaid program.
Date: 02 / 2012
Annual Report 2012: Michigan
Sponsoring organization: USDA Rural Development Michigan State Office
Highlights 2012 USDA Rural Development programs in Michigan including housing, business, community, infrastructure, and telecommunications.
How Yoopers See the Future of Their Communities: Why Residents Leave or Stay in Michigan’s Upper Peninsula
Author(s): Jessica D. Ulrich
Sponsoring organization: Carsey Institute
Explores reasons residents of Michigan's Upper Peninsula claim for staying in or leaving this rural area. Employment opportunities and energy costs are factors affecting their decisions to leave.
Journal citation: Caring for the Ages
Kids Count in Michigan - Data Book 2012: County Profiles of Child and Family Well-Being
Sponsoring organization: Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan Foundation
Shows that some of Michigan's rural counties are among the hardest hit regarding child poverty and other measures of child well-being. Provides a range of statistics related to the economy, health, child welfare, and education.
Making it Work: Combating Rural Homelessness
Sponsoring organization: Housing Assistance Council
This entire issue of Rural Voices is dedicated to the topic of rural homelessness. Highlights some of the innovative ways rural homeless providers are accessing and using
resources in Michigan, Minnesota, California, Georgia, and Kentucky.
Journal citation: Rural Voices Volume 12 Issue 3
Malpractice Burden, Rural Location, and Discontinuation of Obstetric Care: A Study of Obstetric Providers in Michigan
Author(s): Xiao Xu, Kristine A. Siefert, Peter D. Jacobson, Jody R. Lori, Iana Gueorguieva, Scott B. Ransom
Sponsoring organization: National Rural Health Association
Reports on a study that examined whether higher malpractice burden on obstetric providers was
associated with an increased likelihood of discontinuing obstetric care and whether there were rural-urban differences in the relationship.
Journal citation: Journal of Rural Health Volume 2009 Issue Winter Pages: 33-42
Michigan Rural Council: 2012 Policy Agenda
Sponsoring organization: Michigan Rural Council
Highlights policy issues discussed by the rural council. Issues include agriculture, broadband access, economic development, education, health, housing, energy, rural philanthropy, and transportation.
Michigan Rural Health Clinic Survey 2011
Sponsoring organization: Michigan Center for Rural Health
Defines and describes the background of Rural Health Clinics and Medically Underserved Areas in Michigan. Presents results from a survey that collected data from the
133 certified rural health clinics in Michigan.
Michigan Rural Health Profile: A Report on the Health Trends and Resources of Rural Michigan 1990-2005
Sponsoring organization: Michigan Department of Community Health
Examines the demographics of and compares health status between rural and non-rural areas in Michigan. Describes the types of resources available in rural areas of Michigan.
Date: 08 / 2008
Michigan Strategic Opportunities for Rural Health Improvement: April 2008 - April 2012: Final Report
Sponsoring organization: Michigan Center for Rural Health
Presents the final report, detailing a five-year strategic plan, which tracked priority areas for improving the health of rural Michigan. These areas were access to health care services, recruitment and retention, and healthy lifestyles.
Date: 09 / 2012
Midwest National Health Service Corps Retention Toolkit
Sponsoring organization: National Rural Recruitment & Retention Network
Provides tools to assist National Health Service Corps (NHSC) sites with the retention of health care providers.
Past Silos and Smokestacks: Transforming the Rural Economy in the Midwest
Author(s): Mark Drabenstott
Sponsoring organization: Chicago Council on Global Affairs
Discusses a development strategy that includes regional cooperation, innovation, and a leveraging of all strengths for the rural Midwest to transform its economy.
Rural Health Networks Prove There is Strength in Numbers
Author(s): Candi Helseth
Sponsoring organization: Rural Assistance Center
Discusses how quality is increasing measurably for hospitals enrolled in rural health networks in Michigan and Montana.
Journal citation: Rural Monitor Volume 2011 Issue Fall
Date: 11 / 2011
Rural Philanthropy in Michigan Report
Sponsoring organization: Michigan Rural Council
Discusses the role of rural philanthropy within the larger scope of revitalizing Michigan’s economy. Presents data and maps which highlight key economic indicators and grant-making activities in seventeen Michigan counties during the past three years.
Date: 01 / 2013
Small Business Profile: Michigan
Sponsoring organization: Small Business Administration
Profile of the state's economy, covering the number of firms, industry composition, small business income, banking, women and minority business ownership, and employment.
Date: 2 / 2013
USDA Rural Development 2011 Progress Report
Sponsoring organization: USDA Rural Development
Reports on investments made by USDA Rural Development intended to have a lasting, sustainable impact on rural American by supporting job creation, housing programs, broadband implementation, public utilities and economic activity. Features programs implemented in Kentucky, Michigan, and Oregon and includes total funds granted to each of the 50 states from 2004 - 2011.
Date: 12 / 2011
See also: State-by-State Resources: Documents
Michigan - CAH Chronicle
Monthly newsletter for Michigan's Critical Access Hospitals (CAHs).
Michigan - Michigan Child Welfare Law Journal
Produced by the Chance at Childhood Program with funding provided by the Children's Law Section of the Michigan State Bar and the Governor's Task Force on Children's Justice. Publishes information useful to practitioners in the child welfare field, including attorneys, social workers, psychologists, psychiatrists, and other health care professionals.
Michigan - Michigan Rural Health Quarterly
Quarterly newsletter containing events, articles, news, updates, and more.
Michigan - MPCA E-Update
Weekly updates on Michigan's Community Health Centers. Includes information on funding, news, reports, training, conferences, and employment.
EMS Co-op Helps Rural Providers
Using the power of group purchasing within a cooperative structure, the North Central EMS Cooperative (NCEMSC) is an Emergency Medical Services (EMS) cooperative developed to serve Minnesota and surrounding states.
Michigan-Eastern Upper Peninsula Intermediate School District
The Road to Good Health School-Based Health Clinics was designed to increase access to health care,
and to provide comprehensive, quality health care and mental health counseling for rural students.
Michigan-Grand Traverse Regional Health Care Coalition
The mission of GTRHCC is to help low income (up to 200% FPL), uninsured adults in three counties in northwestern lower Michigan have access to health care.