New York covers 47,214 square miles, with a 2012 estimated population of 19,570,261 people – with 1,559,130 people living in rural New York (USDA-ERS). Albany is the state capital. The state’s largest cities are New York, Buffalo and Rochester. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 71.5% of the state’s population is white, 17.5% is Black/African-American, 7.8% is Asian, and 18.0% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (2011).
There are 185 hospitals in New York (Kaiser, 2010), with 13 hospitals identified by the Flex Monitoring Team as Critical Access Hospitals (March 2013). There are 10 Rural Health Clinics in New York (Kaiser, 2012), and 51 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 467 sites in the state (Kaiser, 2010). 14.0% percent of New York residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2011).
According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for New York residents in 2011 was $51,126, although rural per-capita income lagged at $34,622. Estimates from 2011 indicate a poverty rate of 16.6% exists in rural New York, compared to 16.0% in urban areas of the state. 2011 ACS data reports that 13.6% of the rural population has not completed high school, compared to 15.5% of urban populations. The unemployment rate in rural New York is 8.8%, and in urban New York it is 8.1% (USDA-ERS, 2011).
For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.
U.S. Census Bureau: State & County QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets; New York State Office of Rural Health; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List
Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC)
Supports economic and social development in all of West Virginia and parts of twelve other states: Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia.
Catskill Hudson Area Health Education Center
Coordinates and supports activities that target workforce development to meet the needs of New York's southeastern medically underserved rural and urban populations.
Community Health Care Association of New York State (CHCANYS)
Continues to support its mission to be the Voice of Community Health Care in New York State, by representing approximately 100 community health and migrant centers and affiliated members.
Health Foundation for Western and Central New York
Focuses on health care and human service issues for frail elders and children living in communities of poverty in New York.
Healthcare Association of New York State (HANYS)
Promotes better health care for all the people of the State of New York through the coordinated effort of its membership.
HUD Community Development Block Grants: New York
Contact information for the State CDBG program. Provides funding for community development projects.
National Network of Libraries of Medicine, Middle Atlantic Region (NN/LM-MAR)
Supports collaboration among libraries and information centers that serve health information needs in Delaware, New Jersey , New York and Pennsylvania.
New York Department of Health: Office of Minority Health
Works to improve the health of racial and ethnic minorities by bridging communication, delivery, and service requirements, and by providing customized services and practical approaches to problems and issues encountered by organizations and communities working to address the needs of these populations.
New York Division of Child Support Enforcement
For anyone who applies, child support services are provided free of charge. These services are provided jointly by the State Division of Child Support Enforcement and each of the local district Child Support Enforcement Units.
New York eHealth Collaborative (NYeC)
One of two State Health Information Technology Regional Extension Center (REC) serving New York that helps health care providers become meaningful users of electronic health records by providing information and technical assistance.
New York State Area Health Education Center (AHEC)
Works to enhance the quality of and access to health care, improve health care outcomes and address health workforce needs of medically underserved communities.
New York State Association for Rural Health (NYSARH)
Leads and collaborates on issues that affect the health, welfare and well-being of rural New York residents.
New York State Community Action Association (NYSCAA)
Is dedicated to the growth and education of Community Action Agencies in New York State to sustain their efforts in advocating and improving the lives of low-income New Yorkers.
New York State Department of Health
Works to improve the health of New York residents.
New York State Health Foundation
A philanthropy dedicated to improving the health of all New Yorkers.
New York State Office of Children and Family Services
Serves New York's public by promoting the well-being and safety of our children, families and communities.
New York State Office of Rural Health (Charles D. Cook Office of Rural Health)
A division of the New York State Department of Health.
New York State Rural Housing Coalition
Committed to providing safe, affordable housing for low- and moderate-income rural New Yorkers.
Northeast Regional Center for Rural Development (NERCRD)
One of four regional rural development centers in the nation. Focuses on rural issues including community and economic development, food systems, natural resources, and entrepreneurship. Serves a 12 state area in the Northeast region which includes CT, DE, MA, NJ, NY, RI, PA, WV, NH, ME, MD, VT.
NorthEast Telehealth Resource Center
One of the telehealth resource centers funded by the federal Office for the Advancement of Telehealth. Assists health care organizations, health care networks, and health care providers in the implementation of cost-effective telehealth programs to serve rural and medically underserved areas and populations. Includes Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut and New York.
Resources for Communities and People Solutions
Works with communities of all sizes to address a broad range of needs.
Rural Schools Association of New York State (RSA)
The Rural Schools Association is a statewide, member driven organization dedicated to representing the interests of small and rural school districts in New York State.
U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development: New York
Works to increase homeownership, support community development and increase access to affordable housing. The HUD state office provides information about HUD housing programs and local contacts for the state.
USDA Rural Development New York State Office
Committed to helping improve the economy and quality of life in all of rural America. The Rural Development State Office provides information about Rural Development programs and applications for financial assistance.
Environmental Public Health Tracking (New York State)
Provides access to data about the environment and human health in New York State such as birth outcomes, asthma, cancer incidence, childhood lead poisoning levels and cardiovascular disease, drinking water, pesticide use, radon, outside air and more.
ERS State Fact Sheet: New York
Lists statistics on population, educational attainment, employment, income, farm characteristics, and farm financial indicators for the state.
My Health Career (New York)
Designed to promote regional healthcare workforce development in New York.
National Healthcare Quality Report State Snapshot: New York
Health care quality report for the state, based on the National Healthcare Quality Report.
New York Health Centers Data
Provides access to information on Federally Qualified Health Centers for the state. Includes a map of FQHC locations, as well as information on the populations served by health centers, services provided, staff, patient visits, costs of care, and use of electronic health information.
New York KIDS COUNT Data Center (KCDC)
Provides data on child well-being for the state.
New York QuickFacts
Basic demographic and economic statistics for the state, with links to county-level data.
New York State Health Facts
The latest state-level data on demographics, health, and health policy, including health coverage, access, financing, and state legislation. Individual state profiles and 50-state comparisons.
New York State Nursing Home Profile
Use this site for information about nursing homes in New York State and the quality of care they provide. The quality measures data are from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services.
NN/LM Middle Atlantic Region: New York Resources
Overview of the state and provides links to state agencies, health associations, and other resources for residents of New York.
Preparedness and Emergency Response Learning Centers (PERLC)
Comprised of 14 accredited schools of public health that serve in a national capacity to meet preparedness and response training and education needs of the U. S. public health workforce. Funded schools are located in AL, AZ, FL, IA, IL, MA, MD, MN, NY, OK, NC, TX, and WA.
See also: State-by-State Resources: Tools
Aetna Foundation Regional Grants
Funds community wellness initiatives focusing on healthy food and activity that serve low-income, underserved, or minority populations.
BJ’s Charitable Foundation
Funding for hunger prevention, self-sufficiency, healthcare, and education to those who are underserved.
Claneil Foundation Special Project Fund
Provides seed funding to emerging nonprofits, or to new projects of established organizations in the areas of education; environment; health and human services; and hunger and nutrition.
Entergy Micro Grants
Provides grants for projects that effectively impact arts and culture; community improvement/enrichment; education and literacy; the environment; or healthy families.
Gannett Foundation Community Action Grants
Supports local organizations with funding priority given to programs that focus on education and neighborhood improvement, economic development, youth development, community problem-solving, assistance to disadvantaged people, environmental conservation, and cultural enrichment.
Georgia-Pacific Foundation Grants
Grants for organizations projects that focus on education, the environment, community enhancement, affordable housing, arts and culture, and entrepreneurship.
Gladys Brooks Foundation Grants
Offers grants for libraries, educational institutions, hospitals, and clinics.
National Network of Libraries of Medicine Middle Atlantic Region Funding
Provides funding for National Network of Libraries members located in the Middle Atlantic region to assist them in conducting outreach and technology projects.
New York Primary Care Service Corps (PCSC)
Offers loan repayment assistance to health care professionals who agree to practice in a Health Professional Shortage Area of New York.
Nonprofit Training Resource Fund
Grants to organizations for employees to attend approved classes and courses that will enhance their job performance.
Wells Fargo Corporate Giving Programs
Funding for nonprofit organizations in the areas of community development, education, human services, arts and culture, civic responsibility, and environmental consciousness.
Inactive Funding Opportunities -
Lists additional funding programs for this state that are not currently accepting applications. Programs that are inactive may be offered again in the future.
Documents, Reports and Other Publications
Care Management for Medicaid Enrollees Through Community Health Teams
Author(s): Mary Takach, Janon Buxbaum
Sponsoring organization: Commonwealth Fund
Presents data from a 2011–2012 review of state Medicaid medical home programs in eight states. Identified community health team programs that provide an array of services, including care coordination to self-management coaching. Includes small or rural practices.
Date: 05 / 2013
Demographic and Economic Profile: New York
Author(s): Kathleen K. Miller
Sponsoring organization: Rural Policy Research Institute
Discusses demographic and economic data including population, race, education, age, poverty, income, and more. Includes maps and graphics.
Date: 01 / 2009
Demographic Change in the Northern Forest
Author(s): Kenneth M. Johnson, Miranda H. Mockrin, Susan I. Stewart
Sponsoring organization: Carsey Institute
Examines the population redistribution in the Northern Forest, which includes counties scattered across northern and central Maine, New Hampshire, New York, and Vermont.
Date: 03 / 2012
Immigrants and the Community: Farmworkers with Families
Author(s): Pilar A. Parra, Max J. Pfeffer
Discusses factors that promote and limit integration of immigrants and their families into rural communities. Based on findings from five New York agricultural communities that rely on hired farm labor.
Date: 04 / 2005
Oral Health: Preventing Cavities, Gum Disease, Tooth Loss, and Oral Cancers: Success Stories, 2011
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Describes successful oral health programs in Maine, New York, and North Dakota involving dental sealants, water fluoridation, and state policies respectively.
Plan to Stabilize and Strengthen New York's Health Care System
Author(s): Commission on Health Care Facilities in the 21st Century
The Commission on Health Care Facilities in the 21st Century was created to review and strengthen New York State's acute and long term care delivery systems.
Date: 12 / 2006
Push and Pulls behind Residential Mobility of Low-Income Families in Upstate New York
Author(s): Kai A. Schafft
Sponsoring organization: RUPRI Rural Poverty Research Center
Examines the high mobility among rural families in the New York State. Includes findings that most moves are short moves and often driven by housing
issues. Discusses potential impact on schools and other community supports.
Journal citation: Perspectives: On Poverty, Policy, and Place Volume 3 Issue 2 Pages: 6-9
Rural Vision Initiative Summary Report
Summary Report of the Rural Vision Initiative. Discusses the challenges and opportunities facing New York's rural communities. Includes insights from listening sessions with rural residents and attendees of the Future of Rural New York Symposium.
Small Business Profile: New York
Sponsoring organization: Small Business Administration
Profile of the state's economy, covering the number of firms, industry composition, small business income, banking, women and minority business ownership, and employment.
Date: 2 / 2013
See also: State-by-State Resources: Documents
Livingston County Help For Seniors
Need: Older adults in the region had
unmet needs for identifying and treating health issues,
as well as preventive services
Intervention: The program developed
curricula to train EMS how to care for older adults as
well as screen older adults and provide further
interventions as needed
Result: The program screened 1,231
individuals and identified various risks amongst the
population, in addition to developing a successful
model for educating EMS personnel
School-Based Health Centers Expansion Consortium
Bassett Healthcare and six school districts have formed a Consortium that seeks to expand and enhance their School-Based Health Centers (SBHC) to include dental and mental health care programs and community outreach services.
North Country Diabetes Project
The North Country Diabetes Project built community collaboration among core health care providers
to increase access to diabetes care through the development of a physician referral network and
established an American Diabetes Association (ADA) recognized diabetes self management education