Oregon is a picturesque landscape of vast forests, volcanic peaks, fertile valleys, plateaus, and a rugged ocean coastline. With its large reserves of standing trees, Oregon is a leading producer of lumber and plywood, having to consistently balance the needs of the timber industry with environmental concerns. Oregon covers 95,997 square miles, with a 2012 estimated population of 3,899,353 people – 853,028 living in rural Oregon (USDA-ERS). Salem, the capital, is located in the northwestern region of the state. The state’s largest cities are Portland, Eugene and Salem. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 88.3% of the state’s population is white, 4.0% is Asian, 2.0% is Black/African American, 1.8% is American Indian & Alaska Native, and 12.2% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (2012).
According to the Oregon Office of Rural Health there are 58 hospitals in the state with 29 of these being identified as rural hospitals. 25 of the rural hospitals are designated as Critical Access Hospitals (June 2013). Also, there are 62 Rural Health Clinics in Oregon (Kaiser, 2012), and 25 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 165 sites in the state (Kaiser, 2010). Most Oregonians have some form of health insurance coverage, although 15.0% of its residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2011).
According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Oregonians in 2011 was $37,527, although rural per-capita income lagged at $31,382. Estimates from 2011 indicate a poverty rate of 18.9% exists in rural Oregon, compared to a 16.8% level in urban areas of the state. 2011 ACS data reports that 13.2% of the rural population has not completed high school, compared to 10.5% of urban populations. The unemployment rate in rural Oregon is at 11.0%, while in urban Oregon it is at 9.1% (USDA-ERS, 2011).For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.
U.S. Census Bureau: State & County QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; Oregon Office of Rural Health; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List
Directory of Rural Health
Contact information for people and organizations in Oregon with an interest in rural health.
There are more organizations related to Oregon in the organizations section.
Last Reviewed: 8/19/2013