South Dakota is famous for its scenic Badlands, the Black Hills, Mt. Rushmore, Black Hills gold jewelry and the Sturgis Motorcycle Rally. Prairie, grassland and farmland cover 90% of the state, where herds of buffalo ranged in the thousands. Historical figures like Lewis and Clark, Wild Bill Hickok, Calamity Jane, Sitting Bull, and General George Custer are all part of South Dakota’s lively past. South Dakota covers 75,885 square miles, with a 2011 estimated population of 824,082 people – 448,637 living in rural South Dakota (USDA-ERS, 2012). Pierre, the capital, is located in the central region of the state. The state’s largest cities are Sioux Falls and Rapid City. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 86.6% of the state’s population is white, 8.9% is American Indian & Alaska Native, and 2.9% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (2011).
There are 53 hospitals in South Dakota (Kaiser, 2010). The state has 38 hospitals identified by the Flex Monitoring Team as Critical Access Hospitals (March 2013). There are 59 Rural Health Clinics in South Dakota (Kaiser, 2012), and 6 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 45 sites in the state (Kaiser, 2010). Most South Dakotans have some form of health insurance coverage, although 13.0% of its residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2011).
According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for South Dakotans in 2010 was $39,519, although rural per-capita income lagged at $38,240. Estimates from 2010 indicate a poverty rate of 17.2% exists in rural South Dakota, compared to a 11.5% level in urban areas of the state. 2010 ACS data reports that 12.8% of the rural population has not completed high school, compared to 8.3% of urban populations. The unemployment rate in rural South Dakota is 4.8%, while the urban rate is 4.6% (USDA-ERS, 2011).
For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.
U.S. Census Bureau: State & County QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List
An independent grantmaker focused on small communities, leadership, and diversity. Focused on the needs of Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, and the 23 Native nations in those states.
Center for Advancement of Health Information Technology: South Dakota
South Dakota State Health Information Technology Regional Extension Center (REC) that helps health care providers become meaningful users of electronic health records by providing information and technical assistance.
Community Healthcare Association of the Dakotas (CHAD)
Works to provide leadership on primary health care issues in the areas of community development, health career resources, and health policy in North Dakota and South Dakota.
Dakota Rural Action
Acts as a grassroots family agriculture and conservation group that organizes South Dakotans to protect family farmers, ranchers, natural resources, and a way of life. Includes the Dakota Rural Action's Farmer Network.
Provides planting and harvesting assistance to farm families in that have experienced a major illness, injury, or natural disaster. Qualifying farmers may be eligible to have their agricultural land planted or harvested free of charge. Areas served are North Dakota, South Dakota, western Minnesota, and eastern Montana.
Great Plains Telehealth Resource and Assistance Center (GPTRAC)
One of the telehealth resource centers funded by the federal Office for the Advancement of Telehealth. Assists health care organizations, health care networks, and health care providers in the implementation of cost-effective telehealth programs to serve rural and medically underserved areas and populations. Includes North Dakota, South Dakota, Minnesota, Iowa, Wisconsin, and Nebraska.
High Plains Intermountain Center for Agricultural Health and Safety (HICAHS)
One of ten NIOSH Agricultural Safety and Health Centers throughout the United States. Located at Colorado State College. Composed of a multi-disciplinary team that researches topics such as mechanical hazards, tractor roll-overs, musculoskeletal stress, respiratory disease, and traumatic injury. Covers the states of Colorado, Wyoming, Montana, Utah, North Dakota, and South Dakota.
HUD Community Development Block Grants: South Dakota (CDBG)
Contact information for the State CDBG program. Provides funding for community development projects.
Midwest Assistance Program (MAP)
Helps communities and tribal nations find solutions to their infrastructure and development needs through information, resource management, expertise, and technical assistance. Helps rural communities in Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wyoming. As of October 2012 is a partner with the Rural Community Assistance Corporation (RCAC) to provide technical assistance to communities in Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wyoming.
National Network of Libraries of Medicine, Greater Midwest Region (NN/LM-GMR)
Works to improve access to health information for health professionals, librarians and members of the public in Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
North Central Regional Center for Rural Development (NCRCRD)
One of four regional rural development centers in the nation. Works with extension professionals, researchers, and partners to enhance rural development outcomes. Serves a 12 state area in the North Central region which includes ND, SD, NE, KS, MN, IA, MO, WI, IL, IN, MI, and OH.
Northern Great Plains Inc. (NGP)
Identifies and promotes policies and practices that support an integrated approach to economic opportunities in rural communities. Identifies trends, needs, and research. Serves North Dakota, South Dakota, Iowa, Nebraska, and Minnesota.
Strives to improve HIV prevention services for Latino/Hispanic populations living in Colorado, Iowa, Kansas, North Dakota, South Dakota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Utah, and Wyoming. Focuses on adapting and tailoring CDC-approved interventions that are culturally, linguistically and educationally appropriate. This is a capacity building assistance program for community-based organizations and state and local health departments.
Rural Learning Center
Partners with local groups and connects people and organizations from around South Dakota and the region to share stories and discoveries and foster change in rural communities. Based in Howard, South Dakota.
South Dakota Area Health Education Center (SD AHEC)
Collaborates with a network of community, state, healthcare, and academic partners striving to meet the healthcare workforce needs of South Dakota.
South Dakota Association of Healthcare Organizations (SDAHO)
Represents and serves health care organizations across the State. This is a non-profit, state-wide professional/trade association whose membership is diverse, spanning various types of institutional ownership, geographic location, size, and complexities of service. Members include general acute care, veterans, Indian Health Services, and nursing facilities, home health agencies, assisted living centers, and hospice organizations.
South Dakota Comprehensive Cancer Control Program (SD CCCP)
Dedicated to bringing together individuals, organizations, health care providers, and agencies to reduce the burden that cancer places on the people of South Dakota. Promotes and supports programs and policies for cancer prevention, early detection, treatment, data and research, survivor issues, and end of life/palliation.
South Dakota Department of Education, Office of Educational Services & Support: Special Education (OESS)
Promotes leadership and service among administrators and educators, who touch the lives of children on a daily basis. Provides resources and services that directly impact children and their parents.
South Dakota Department of Health (DOH)
Provides services and resources to promote health, access to needed, high-quality health care, and to manage public health resources.
South Dakota Department of Health: Vital Records
Maintains birth, death, marriage, and divorce records for the state and issues certified copies of such records.
South Dakota Department of Human Services: Division of Developmental Disabilities (DDD)
Strives to ensure that people with developmental disabilities have equal opportunities and receive the services and support they need to live and work in South Dakota communities.
South Dakota Department of Human Services: Division of Rehabilitation Services
Assists individuals with disabilities to obtain employment, economic self-sufficiency, personal independence and full inclusion into society.
South Dakota Department of Labor and Regulation (DLR)
Enhances the South Dakota workforce by providing businesses with employment-related solutions and helping people with job placement and career transition services.
South Dakota Department of Social Services (DSS)
Works with South Dakotans when financial difficulties, physical or mental handicaps, or other problems threaten their independence.
South Dakota Department of Social Services: Adult Protective Services
Provides assistance to adults residing in South Dakota communities who are at risk of abuse, neglect, financial exploitation, or self neglect.
South Dakota Department of Social Services: Behavioral Health Services
Works with children and adults with mental health disorders. Formerly under the South Dakota Department of Human Services.
South Dakota Department of Social Services: Division of Child Support (DCS)
Helps parents establish a financial partnership to support their children when they do not live together. Staff at eight field offices help locate noncustodial parents, establish paternity, establish or modify child support and medical support orders, enforce support orders, and collect and process support payments.
South Dakota Governor's Office of Economic Development
Provides information, resources and programs that support economic development in the State of South Dakota.
South Dakota Housing Development Authority (SDHDA)
Encourages the prudent investment of public financing and private capital to stimulate the construction, preservation, rehabilitation, purchase, and development of affordable single and multifamily housing and day care facilities. Provides a variety of programs that assist low and moderate-income South Dakotans.
South Dakota Office of Rural Health
Works to improve the delivery of health services to rural and medically underserved communities, emphasizing access. Part of the South Dakota Department of Health.
South Dakota Parent Connection
The state's Family to Family Health Information Center connecting South Dakota families of children and youth (birth-26) with disabilities or special health care needs - and the professionals serving them - to information, training and resources.
U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development: South Dakota (HUD)
Works to increase homeownership, support community development and increase access to affordable housing. The HUD state office provides information about HUD housing programs and local contacts for the state.
USDA Rural Development South Dakota State Office
Committed to helping improve the economy and quality of life in all of rural America. The Rural Development State Office provides information about Rural Development programs and applications for financial assistance.
VA Midwest Health Care Network (VISN 23)
Also known as Veterans Integrated Service Network 23. Serves more than 400,000 enrolled Veterans residing in Iowa, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, and portions of Illinois, Kansas, Missouri, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.
Seeks to improve the health of Iowans, South Dakotans by providing support to non-profit organizations and public entities to help communities establish or expand health initiatives.
ERS State Fact Sheet: South Dakota
Lists statistics on population, educational attainment, employment, income, farm characteristics, and farm financial indicators for the state.
Describes a process aimed at systemic change by bringing a diverse sample of the Northern Great Plains region's population to the table to discuss the region's future. Engages in conversations among rural communities and organizations.
National Healthcare Quality Report State Snapshot: South Dakota
Health care quality report for the state, based on the National Healthcare Quality Report.
NN/LM Greater Midwest Region: South Dakota Resources
Overview of the state, with links to state agencies, health associations, and other resources for South Dakota.
SIM - SD: Simulation in Motion - South Dakota
A mobile education program that brings technologically advanced training of emergency patient care to rural South Dakota's pre-hospital and hospital emergency care providers. Uses human-like, computerized mannequins.
South Dakota Health Centers Research & Data
Provides access to information on Federally Qualified Health Centers for the state. Includes a map of FQHC locations, as well as information on the populations served by health centers, services provided, staff, patient visits, costs of care, and use of electronic health information.
South Dakota Health Occupations for Today and Tomorrow (HOTT)
Focused on health career information for students at all grade levels. Provides information on health care careers, K-12 lesson plans, and other resources. A project of the South Dakota Departments of Education, Health, and Labor and the South Dakota Board of Regents.
South Dakota KIDS COUNT Data Center (KCDC)
Provides data on child well-being for the state.
South Dakota QuickFacts
Basic demographic and economic statistics for the state, with links to county-level data.
South Dakota State Data Center - University of South Dakota GRB
The designated lead census center for South Dakota and a repository of U.S. Census Bureau and U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis publications and databases.
South Dakota State Health Facts
The latest state-level data on demographics, health, and health policy, including health coverage, access, financing, and state legislation. Individual state profiles and 50-state comparisons.
See also: State-by-State Resources: Tools
Community Resource Group (CRG) Loan Fund
Loans to help small, rural communities and tribal nations with water and wastewater projects.
Dollar General Youth Literacy Grants
Funding to schools, public libraries, and nonprofit organizations to help students who are below grade level or experiencing difficulty reading.
First Children's Finance Loan Fund
Loans and technical assistance to child care and early education businesses, especially those serving lower-income communities.
Gannett Foundation Community Action Grants
Supports local organizations with funding priority given to programs that focus on education and neighborhood improvement, economic development, youth development, community problem-solving, assistance to disadvantaged people, environmental conservation, and cultural enrichment.
Medica Foundation Grant Program
Grants designed to improve primary care and preventive health services for people with disabilities, early childhood health, and organizational core mission support.
Mission and Ministry Fund Planning and Project Grants
Grants to build community capacity and work in collaboration with others to implement action plans that address specific, documented community needs.
Mission and Ministry Fund Violence Prevention Grant
Funds may be requested to cover the costs of community-based planning, conducting community meetings, assessing community violence-related assets and needs, continuing specific community-based violence prevention efforts and related activities.
National Network of Libraries of Medicine Greater Midwest Region Funding
Provides funding for National Network of Libraries members located in the greater Midwest region to assist them in conducting outreach and technology projects.
South Dakota Rural Healthcare Facility Recruitment Assistance Program
Offers a monetary incentive to health professionals who complete a three-year service agreement at a rural facility in South Dakota.
Wells Fargo Corporate Giving Programs
Funding for nonprofit organizations in the areas of community development, education, human services, arts and culture, civic responsibility, and environmental consciousness.
Inactive Funding Opportunities -
Lists additional funding programs for this state that are not currently accepting applications. Programs that are inactive may be offered again in the future.
Documents, Reports and Other Publications
2011 South Dakota Kids Count Factbook
Sponsoring organization: University of South Dakota
Provides data pertaining to the children in the State of South Dakota as well as an assessment of the well-being of South Dakota's children and their families.
Date: 01 / 2012
2012 WICHE Workplan: It's All About Outcomes
Sponsoring organization: Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education
Discusses WICHE's focus in 2012 which includes finance, access and success, workforce and society, technology and innovation, and accountability. Highlights students exchange programs in rural and underserved areas, rural healthcare initiatives, and rural primary care clinics.
Date: 09 / 2011
Case Studies on Transit and Livable Communities in Rural and Small Town America
Author(s): Sean Barry
Sponsoring organization: Transportation for America
Collection of 12 case studies providing examples of how small cities, towns, and rural regions across the country are transforming themselves into more livable communities.
Date: 09 / 2010
e-Emergency Services Bring Specialists to Rural Patients with the Push of a Button
Author(s): Candi Helseth
Sponsoring organization: Rural Assistance Center
More and more specialists are available to small hospitals via telemedicine, benefiting patients—and doctors. Highlights Avera eEmergency Services, a hospital-based telemedicine emergency support service available in South Dakota, Iowa, Minnesota, and North Dakota.
Journal citation: Rural Monitor Volume 2011 Issue Summer
Date: 08 / 2011
Health Behaviors of South Dakotans, 2010: A Report of the South Dakota Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
Sponsoring organization: South Dakota Department of Health
Measures health risks of South Dakotans. Compares data from this survey to the Healthy People 2010 National Health Objectives as well as to the rest of the nation.
Date: 06 / 2012
Health Insurance, Health Care Costs, and Access to Care: How Are South Dakota Farmers and Ranchers Faring Compared to Farmers and Ranchers in Other Great Plains States?
Sponsoring organization: Access Project
Discusses how health care costs effects farmers and ranchers in South Dakota, including the effects on their families, businesses, and surrounding rural economies.
Date: 07 / 2009
Past Silos and Smokestacks: Transforming the Rural Economy in the Midwest
Author(s): Mark Drabenstott
Sponsoring organization: Chicago Council on Global Affairs
Discusses a development strategy that includes regional cooperation, innovation, and a leveraging of all strengths for the rural Midwest to transform its economy.
Prospects & Possibilities for South Dakota
Sponsoring organization: Bush Foundation
Presents the results of surveys conducted in 35 community conversations in 29 communities across South Dakota. Discusses many rural issues including the economy, education, health care access and costs, race relations, demographics, and population.
Date: 03 / 2011
Small Business Profile: South Dakota
Sponsoring organization: Small Business Administration
Profile of the state's economy, covering the number of firms, industry composition, small business income, banking, women and minority business ownership, and employment.
Date: 2 / 2013
South Dakota 2011 Healthcare Workforce Report
Sponsoring organization: South Dakota Department of Health
Profiles the healthcare workforce projected needs in the future and workforce distribution by geography, age, and profession.
Date: 09 / 2011
South Dakota Educational Needs & Priorities Healthcare Facility Survey Report
Sponsoring organization: South Dakota Area Health Education Center
Presents the results of a survey, sent to South Dakota hospital and nursing home administrators and/or directors of nursing, regarding educational needs and educational priorities of the healthcare facilities in South Dakota.
Date: 05 / 2010
South Dakota Recruitment and Retention Survey
Sponsoring organization: South Dakota Department of Health
Identifies and quantifies, on a statewide basis, information regarding how South Dakota healthcare facilities, local units of government, and economic development groups are recruiting and retaining healthcare professionals. 1,147 surveys were distributed to 605 healthcare facilities and 542 local units of government/economic development groups.
Date: 05 / 2012
Wind Energy: Rural People Hold the Power
Author(s): Paul Mansoor
Sponsoring organization: Center for Rural Affairs
Describes how rural states have used wind energy as an economic development strategy. Briefly describes wind energy programs in North Dakota, South Dakota, and Nebraska.
Date: 11 / 2012
See also: State-by-State Resources: Documents
Published quarterly, both online and distributed in area newspapers. Reports on issues of importance to rural communities in the James River watershed area of North Dakota and South Dakota. Includes articles on rural farming, and agricultural health and wellness.
Published three times a year. Provides news on infrastructure and development needs for rural communities in Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wyoming.