New York covers 47,214 square miles, with a 2014 estimated population of 19,746,227 people – with 1,400,302 people living in rural New York (USDA-ERS). Albany is the state capital. The state’s largest cities are New York, Buffalo and Rochester. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 70.9% of the state’s population is white, 17.5% is Black/African-American, 8.2% is Asian, and 18.4% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (2013).
New York Rural Healthcare Facilities
There are 177 hospitals in New York (Kaiser, 2013), with 17 hospitals identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 4/2015). There are 9 Rural Health Clinics in New York (CMS, 2015), and 57 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 611 sites in the state (NACHC, 2013).
Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural New York
9.0% percent of New York residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2013). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for New York residents in 2013 was $54,462, although rural per-capita income lagged at $37,518. Estimates from 2013 indicate a poverty rate of 16.6% exists in rural New York, compared to 16.0% in urban areas of the state. The ERS reports, based on 2009-2013 ACS data, that 13.1% of the rural population has not completed high school, compared to 15.0% of urban populations. The unemployment rate in rural New York is 6.6%, and in urban New York it is 6.3% (USDA-ERS, 2014).For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Rural Health Clinic List; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State; U.S. Census Bureau: State & County QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets
A division of the New York State Department of Health and focuses on rural health issues.
There are more organizations related to New York in the organizations section.