Wyoming comes from the Dakota word "mscheweamiing" meaning "at the big flats" or "large plains." Wide-open grasslands, scenic rivers, and spectacular mountains dominate the Wyoming landscape from the Grand Teton to Yellowstone National Park, from the Shoshone National Forest to the eastern Great Plains. Wyoming covers 97,100 square miles, with a 2014 estimated population of 584,153 people – 406,140 living in rural Wyoming (USDA-ERS). Cheyenne, the capital, is located in the south-eastern region of the state. It is the state’s largest city followed by Casper and Laramie. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 92.7% of the state’s population is white, 2.6% is American Indian & Alaska Native, and 9.7% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (2013).

Wyoming Rural Healthcare Facilities

Wyoming Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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There are 24 hospitals in Wyoming (Kaiser, 2013), 24 of which are located in rural areas (North Carolina Rural Health Research and Policy Analysis Center, Dec. 2008). The state has 16 hospitals identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 4/2015). There are 16 Rural Health Clinics in Wyoming (CMS, 2015), and 5 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 10 sites in the state (NACHC, 2013).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Wyoming

Most Wyomingites have some form of health insurance coverage, although 17.0% of its residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2013). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Wyomingites in 2013 was $52,826, although rural per-capita income lagged slightly at $51,823. Estimates from 2013 indicate a poverty rate of 11.2% exists in rural Wyoming, compared to a 10.2% level in urban areas of the state. The ERS reports, based on 2009-2013 ACS data, that 7.8% of the rural population has not completed high school, compared to 7.4% of urban populations. The unemployment rate in rural Wyoming is at 4.3%, and in urban Wyoming it is at 4.4% (USDA-ERS, 2014).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Rural Health Clinic List; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State; U.S. Census Bureau: State & County QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Wyoming Office of Rural Health
Seeks to enhance access to healthcare service, support the development of an adequate healthcare workforce, and promote collaboration in expanding comprehensive, community-based healthcare in rural Wyoming.
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