California

California is nicknamed "The Golden State" because of its rich history of gold mining that includes the infamous California Gold Rush of 1848. Known for its beautiful landscapes, California is where you will find the Sierra Nevada Mountains, Lake Tahoe, and the giant Sequoia and Redwood trees. California covers 155,959 square miles, with a 2013 estimated population of 38,332,521 people – 830,799 living in rural California (USDA-ERS). Sacramento, the capital, is located in the north-central region of the state. The state’s largest cities are Los Angeles, San Diego, San Jose and San Francisco. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 73.5% of the state’s population is white, 6.6% is African American/Black, 14.1% is Asian, 1.7% is American Indian and Alaska Native, and 38.4% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (2013).

California Rural Healthcare Facilities

California Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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There are 349 hospitals in California (Kaiser, 2012), 34 of which are located in rural areas (North Carolina Rural Health Research and Policy Analysis Center, Dec. 2008). The state has 33 hospitals identified by the Flex Monitoring Team as Critical Access Hospitals (November 2014). There are 293 Rural Health Clinics in California (Kaiser, 2012), and 121 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 1,032 sites in the state (Kaiser, 2011).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural California

Most Californians have some form of health insurance coverage, although 15.0% of its residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2013). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Californians in 2012 was $46,477, although rural per-capita income lagged at $38,255. Estimates from 2012 indicate a poverty rate of 18.6% exists in rural California, compared to a 16.9% level in urban areas of the State. 2012 ACS data reports that 12.8% of the rural population has not completed high school, compared to 19.1% of urban populations. The unemployment rate in rural California is at 10.1%, while in urban California it is at 8.9% (USDA-ERS, 2013).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.


Data Sources
U.S. Census Bureau: State & County QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List

Contacts

California State Office of Rural Health
Phone: 916.449.5770
Collaborates with public and private entities statewide, and at the regional and national levels to increase rural access to health care and to link small rural communities with State and Federal resources.
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There are more organizations related to California in the organizations section.