Idaho is known for its rugged beauty and millions of acres of wilderness. The Idaho landscape ranges from subalpine forests to desert, mountains to fertile farms, lakes and waterfalls to canyons and gorges. Idaho has the greatest stand of white pine trees in the country and is first in the country in production of silver. Idaho covers 82,747 square miles, with a 2013 estimated population of 1,612,136 people – 544,492 living in rural Idaho (USDA-ERS). Boise, the capital, is located in the southwestern region of the state. The state’s largest cities include Boise, Nampa, Pocatello and Idaho Falls. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 93.7% of the state’s population is white, 1.7% is American Indian and Alaska Native, 1.4% is Asian and 11.8% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (2013).

Idaho Rural Healthcare Facilities

Idaho Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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There are 40 hospitals in Idaho (Kaiser, 2012), 27 of which are located in rural areas (North Carolina Rural Health Research and Policy Analysis Center, Dec. 2008). The state has 27 hospitals identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 11/2014). There are 45 Rural Health Clinics in Idaho (CMS, 2015), and 11 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 76 sites in the state (NACHC, 2013).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Idaho

Most Idahoans have some form of health insurance coverage, although 14.0% of its residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2013). According to the Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Idahoans in 2013 was $36,146, although rural per-capita income lagged at $35,805. Estimates from 2013 indicate a poverty rate of 16.7% exists in rural Idaho, compared to an 15.0% level in urban areas of the state. The ERS reports, based on 2009-2013 ACS data, that 14.3% of the rural population has not completed high school, compared to 9.6% of urban populations. The unemployment rate in rural Idaho is at 6.6%, while in urban Idaho it is at 6.0% (USDA-ERS, 2013).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Rural Health Clinic List; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State; U.S. Census Bureau: State & County QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Idaho Bureau of Rural Health and Primary Care
Phone: 208.334.0669
Promotes access to quality health care for people in Idaho through a variety of programs, services, and activities.
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There are more organizations related to Idaho in the organizations section.