Illinois is known as the "Land of Lincoln" in honor of President Abraham Lincoln, who lived in the state for most of his life. The state is named for the Illiniwek, a group of Algonquin tribes from the region. Illinois is bordered on the west by the Mississippi River and on the southeast and south by the Wabash and Ohio Rivers. It is in the Great Lakes region of the United States and has shoreline on Lake Michigan. Illinois covers 55,584 square miles, with a 2012 estimated population of 12,875,255 people – 1,513,602 living in rural Illinois (USDA-ERS). Springfield, the capital, is located in the central region of the state. The state’s largest cities are Chicago, Aurora and Rockford. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 77.9% of the state’s population is white, 14.8% is African-American/Black, 5.0% is Asian, 0.6% is American Indian, and 16.3% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (2012).
There are 188 hospitals in Illinois (Kaiser, 2011). The state has 51 hospitals identified by the Flex Monitoring Team as Critical Access Hospitals (June 2013). There are 221 Rural Health Clinics in Illinois (Kaiser, 2012), and 37 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 511 sites in the state (Kaiser, 2011).
Most Illinoisans have some form of health insurance coverage, although 14% of the state's residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2012). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Illinoisans in 2012 was $45,832, although rural per-capita income lagged at $36,776. Estimates from 2012 indicate a poverty rate of 14.5% exists in rural Illinois, compared to a 14.7% level in urban areas of the State. 2012 ACS data reports that 13.2% of the rural population has not completed high school, compared to 13.0% of urban populations. The unemployment rate in rural Illinois is at 9.0% while in urban Illinois it is at 8.9% (USDA-ERS, 2012).For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.
U.S. Census Bureau: State & County QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List
Directory of Rural Health
Contact information for people and organizations in Illinois with an interest in rural health.
There are more organizations related to Illinois in the organizations section.
Last Reviewed: 1/14/2014