Indiana is in the Great Lakes region of the United States, with shoreline on Lake Michigan. The state is located in the Corn Belt, and most years has almost half of its cropland devoted to corn. Indiana covers 35,867 square miles, with a 2013 estimated population of 6,570,902 people – 1,473,430 living in rural Indiana (USDA-ERS). Indianapolis, the capital, is located in the central part of the state. The state’s largest cities are Indianapolis, Fort Wayne, and Evansville. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 86.3% of the state’s population is white, 9.5% is African-American/Black, 1.9% is Asian, 0.4% is American Indian, and 6.4% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (2013).
Indiana Rural Healthcare Facilities
There are 125 hospitals in Indiana (Kaiser, 2011), 38 of which are located in rural areas (Indiana State Office of Rural Health, 2012). The state has 35 hospitals currently identified by the Flex Monitoring Team as Critical Access Hospitals (February 2014). There are 64 Rural Health Clinics in Indiana (Kaiser, 2012), and 19 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 90 sites in the state (Kaiser, 2011).
Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Indiana
Most Indianan's have some form of health insurance coverage, although 13.0% of the state's residents lack any health insurance (Kaiser, 2011). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for all Indianan's in 2012 was $38,119, although rural per-capita income lagged at $34,514. Estimates from 2012 indicate a poverty rate of 14.7% exists in rural Indiana, compared to a 15.8% level in urban areas of the State. 2012 ACS data reports that 15.9% of the rural population has not completed high school, compared to 12.1% of urban populations. The unemployment rate in rural Indiana is at 7.6% while in urban Indiana it is at 7.5% (USDA-ERS, 2013).For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.
U.S. Census Bureau: State & County QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets; Indiana State Office of Rural Health; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List
Promotes the health of rural residents through public health services, funding sources, education, conferences, publications, and various initiatives. Oversees the Indiana Rural Hospital Flex Program and the Small Rural Hospital Improvement Grant Program. Located within the Indiana State Department of Health's Primary Care Office.
There are more organizations related to Indiana in the organizations section.