Indiana is in the Great Lakes region of the United States, with shoreline on Lake Michigan. The state is located in the Corn Belt, and most years has almost half of its cropland devoted to corn. Indiana covers 35,867 square miles, with a 2013 estimated population of 6,570,902 people – 1,473,430 living in rural Indiana (USDA-ERS). Indianapolis, the capital, is located in the central part of the state. The state’s largest cities are Indianapolis, Fort Wayne, and Evansville. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 86.3% of the state’s population is white, 9.5% is African-American/Black, 1.9% is Asian, 0.4% is American Indian, and 6.4% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (2013).

Indiana Rural Healthcare Facilities

Indiana Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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There are 124 hospitals in Indiana (Kaiser, 2012), 38 of which are located in rural areas (Indiana State Office of Rural Health, 2012). The state has 35 hospitals currently identified by the Flex Monitoring Team as Critical Access Hospitals (November 2014). There are 64 Rural Health Clinics in Indiana (Kaiser, 2012), and 19 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 90 sites in the state (Kaiser, 2011).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Indiana

Most Indianan's have some form of health insurance coverage, although 12.0% of the state's residents lack any health insurance (Kaiser, 2013). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for all Indianan's in 2013 was $38,622 although rural per-capita income lagged at $35,556. Estimates from 2013 indicate a poverty rate of 14.7% exists in rural Indiana, compared to a 16.2% level in urban areas of the State. The ERS reports, based on 2009-2013 ACS data, that 15.4% of the rural population has not completed high school, compared to 12.0% of urban populations. The unemployment rate in rural Indiana is at 7.6% while in urban Indiana it is at 7.5% (USDA-ERS, 2013).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
U.S. Census Bureau: State & County QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets; Indiana State Office of Rural Health; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List


Indiana State Office of Rural Health
Phone: 317.233.1325
Promotes the health of rural residents through public health services, funding sources, education, conferences, publications, and various initiatives. Oversees the Indiana Rural Hospital Flex Program and the Small Rural Hospital Improvement Grant Program. Located within the Indiana State Department of Health's Primary Care Office.
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