Skip to main content
RAC logo

Search Options
RSS

Iowa

Iowa is known as the Hawkeye State, as a tribute to Indian leader Chief Black Hawk. Iowa is bordered by the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers. This state ranks first in the nation with corn and soybean production as well as in hog production from its 93,000 farms. Iowa covers 55,869 square miles, with a 2013 estimated population of 3,090,416 people - 1,289,922 living in rural Iowa (USDA-ERS). Des Moines, the state capital, is located in the south-central region of the state. The state's largest cities are Des Moines, Davenport and Cedar Rapids. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 92.5% of the state’s population is white, 3.3% is Black/African-American, 0.5% is American Indian, 2.0% is Asian, and 5.5% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (2013).

Iowa Rural Healthcare Facilities

View full-size map

There are 118 hospitals in Iowa (Kaiser, 2011), and two VA hospitals. The state has 82 hospitals identified by the Flex Monitoring Team as Critical Access Hospitals (February 2014). 56 rural hospitals are also recognized as the public health agency for the county. There are 142 Rural Health Clinics in Iowa (Kaiser, 2012), 18 regional and affiliate AgriSafe Clinics serving farm and agricultural clients, and 13 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 85 sites in the state (Kaiser, 2011).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Iowa

Most Iowans have some form of health insurance coverage, although 10% of its residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2012). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Iowans in 2012 was $43,935, although rural per-capita lagged at $43,024. Estimates from 2012 indicate a poverty rate of 12.8% exists in rural Iowa, as well as 12.6% level in urban areas of the state. 2012 ACS data reports that 10.8% of the rural population has not completed high school, compared to 8.2% of urban populations. The unemployment rate in rural Iowa is at 4.8% while in urban Iowa it is at 4.5% (USDA-ERS, 2013).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.


Data Sources
U.S. Census Bureau: State & County Quick Facts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List

Contacts

Iowa State Office of Rural Health
Phone: 515.281.7224
Helps rural communities and organizations identify and resolve issues, and build rural health infrastructure. Provides rural health advocacy and outreach, coordination of rural health resources, and consultation to communities and health care providers in rural Iowa communities. Part of the Bureau of Oral and Health Delivery Systems, which in turn is part of the Iowa Department of Public Health.
view details

There are more organizations related to Iowa in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 12/13/2013

More State Data
Our state-by-state guide lists more resources that provide state-specific and comparative information.
Suggest a Resource
Know of a resource you think should appear on our site? Suggest a resource

Phone: 1-800-270-1898
Email: info@raconline.org

Copyright@ 2002–2014 Rural Assistance Center. All rights reserved.
Accessibility | Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Sitemap

Funding for this project was supported by Grant Number U56RH05539 from the Office of Rural Health Policy, Health Resources and Services Administration, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The contents of this website are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the funder.