Iowa is known as the Hawkeye State, as a tribute to Indian leader Chief Black Hawk. Iowa is bordered by the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers. This state ranks first in the nation with corn and soybean production as well as in hog production from its 93,000 farms. Iowa covers 55,869 square miles, with a 2012 estimated population of 3,074,186 people - 1,291,884 living in rural Iowa (USDA-ERS). Des Moines, the state capital, is located in the south-central region of the state. The state's largest cities are Des Moines, Davenport and Cedar Rapids. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 92.8% of the state’s population is white, 3.2% is Black/African-American, 0.5% is American Indian, 2.0% is Asian, and 5.3% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (2012).
There are 118 hospitals in Iowa (Kaiser, 2011), and two VA hospitals. The state has 82 hospitals identified by the Flex Monitoring Team as Critical Access Hospitals (June 2013). 56 rural hospitals are also recognized as the public health agency for the county. There are 142 Rural Health Clinics in Iowa (Kaiser, 2012), 18 regional and affiliate AgriSafe Clinics serving farm and agricultural clients, and 13 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 85 sites in the state (Kaiser, 2011).
Most Iowans have some form of health insurance coverage, although 10% of its residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2012). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Iowans in 2012 was $43,935, although rural per-capita lagged at $43,024. Estimates from 2012 indicate a poverty rate of 12.8% exists in rural Iowa, as well as 12.6% level in urban areas of the state. 2012 ACS data reports that 10.8% of the rural population has not completed high school, compared to 8.2% of urban populations. The unemployment rate in rural Iowa is at 5.4% while in urban Iowa it is at 5.1% (USDA-ERS, 2012).For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.
U.S. Census Bureau: State & County Quick Facts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List
Directory of Rural Health
Contact information for people and organizations in Iowa with an interest in rural health.
There are more organizations related to Iowa in the organizations section.
Last Reviewed: 12/13/2013