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Kansas

Kansas, a 208 mile by 411 mile rectangle, is located in the heart of the nation. Kansas is named after the Kansas Native American tribe, which means "People of the South Wind." It is commonly referred to as Wheat State and Breadbasket of the Nation. Kansas covers 82,227 square miles, with a 2013 estimated population of 2,893,957 people – 954,249 living in rural Kansas (USDA-ERS). Topeka, the capital, is located in the north-eastern region of the state. The state’s largest cities are Wichita, Overland Park and Kansas City. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 87.1% of the state’s population is white, 6.2% is Black/African-American, 1.2% is American Indian and Alaska Native, 2.7% is Asian, and 11.2% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (2013).

Kansas Rural Healthcare Facilities

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There are 127 community hospitals in Kansas (Kansas Hospital Association, 2012 Annual STAT Report). The state has 83 hospitals identified by the Flex Monitoring Team as Critical Access Hospitals (February 2014). There are 179 Rural Health Clinics in Kansas (Kaiser, 2012), and 13 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 40 sites in the state (Kaiser, 2011).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Kansas

Most Kansans have some form of health insurance coverage, although 13.0% of its residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2011). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Kansans in 2012 was $43,015, although rural per-capita income lagged at $38,845. Estimates from 2012 indicate a poverty rate of 14.9% exists in rural Kansas, compared to a 13.6% level in urban areas of the state. 2012 ACS data reports that 13.0% of the rural population has not completed high school, compared to 8.8% of urban populations. The unemployment rate in rural Kansas is at 4.9%, while in urban Kansas it is at 5.7% (USDA-ERS, 2013).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.


Data Sources
U.S. Census Bureau: State & County QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets; Kansas Hospital Association; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; The Kansas Department of Health and Environment: Office of Rural Health

Contacts

Kansas State Office of Rural Health
Serves rural communities in Kansas. Collects and disseminates health information and links rural communities to programs that support rural health. Works with Kansas rural health clinics, CAHs, FLEX, rural hospitals, and underserved areas. Part of the Kansas Bureau of Community Health Systems, which is under the Kansas Department of Health and Environment.
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There are more organizations related to Kansas in the organizations section.