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Kentucky

The Bluegrass State is famous for breeding horses, tobacco farms, fine bourbon and the Kentucky Derby. Kentucky covers 39,728 square miles, with a 2013 estimated population of 4,395,295 people – with 1,837,294 people living in rural Kentucky (USDA-ERS). Frankfort is the state capital. The state’s largest cities are Louisville, Lexington, and Owensboro. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 88.5% of the state’s population is white, 8.2% is Black/African-American, and 3.3% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (2013).

Kentucky Rural Healthcare Facilities

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There are 106 hospitals in Kentucky (Kaiser, 2011), 29 of which are identified by the Flex Monitoring Team as Critical Access Hospitals (February 2014). There are 147 Rural Health Clinics in Kentucky (Kaiser, 2012) and 19 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 92 sites in the state (Kaiser, 2011).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Kentucky

15.0% of Kentucky residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2011). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Kentucky residents in 2012 was $35,643, although rural per-capita income lagged at $30,240. Estimates from 2012 indicate a poverty rate of 23.6% exists in rural Kentucky, compared to 16.3% in urban areas of the state. 2012 ACS data reports that 23.5% of the rural population has not completed high school, compared to 13.1% of urban populations. The unemployment rate in rural Kentucky is 9.4%, while in urban Kentucky, it is 7.5% (USDA-ERS, 2013).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.


Data Sources
U.S. Census Bureau: State & County QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List

Contacts

Kentucky State Office of Rural Health
Phone: 606.439.3557
Partners with hospitals, community organizations, and non-profit groups, in promoting health care in rural Kentucky. Part of the Center of Excellence in Rural Health run by the University of Kentucky Medical Center.
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There are more organizations related to Kentucky in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 9/12/2014

More State Data
Our state-by-state guide lists more resources that provide state-specific and comparative information.
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Funding for this project was supported by Grant Number U56RH05539 from the Office of Rural Health Policy, Health Resources and Services Administration, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The contents of this website are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the funder.