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Louisiana

With a rich heritage of Creole, Cajun and French, Louisiana life is spiced up with foods like gumbo, andouille, etouffees, sauce piquantes, cayenne pepper, Tabasco and crawfish. The senses tingle and feet keep tapping with the sounds of jazz, blues and zydeco. Louisiana covers 43,562 square miles, with a 2013 estimated population of 4,625,470 people – with 768,088 people living in rural Louisiana (USDA-ERS). Baton Rouge is the state capital. The state’s largest cities are New Orleans, Baton Rouge and Shreveport. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 63.5% of the state’s population is white, 32.4% is Black/African-American, and 4.7% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (2013).

Louisiana Rural Healthcare Facilities

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There are 127 hospitals in Louisiana (Kaiser, 2011), 27 of which are identified by the Flex Monitoring Team as Critical Access Hospitals (February 2014). There are 112 Rural Health Clinics in Louisiana (Kaiser, 2012) and 29 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 96 sites in the state (LPCA, 2012).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Louisiana

20.0% of Louisiana residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2011). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Louisiana residents in 2012 was $40,057, although rural per-capita income lagged at $33,702. Estimates from 2012 indicate a poverty rate of 24.5% exists in rural Louisiana, compared to 19.3% in urban areas of the state. 2012 ACS data reports that 23.7% of the rural population has not completed high school, compared to 16.6% of urban populations. The unemployment rate in rural Louisiana is 7.5%, while in urban Louisiana, it is 5.9% (USDA-ERS, 2013).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.


Data Sources
U.S. Census Bureau: State & County QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Louisiana Primary Care Association (LPCA)

Contacts

Louisiana Bureau of Primary Care and Rural Health
Phone: 225.342.9513
Works to improve the health status of Louisiana residents in rural and underserved areas by working proactively to build community health systems' capacity to provide integrated, efficient and effective health care services. A division of Louisiana Department of Health & Hospitals.
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There are more organizations related to Louisiana in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 12/5/2013

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Funding for this project was supported by Grant Number U56RH05539 from the Office of Rural Health Policy, Health Resources and Services Administration, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The contents of this website are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the funder.