With a rich heritage of Creole, Cajun and French, Louisiana life is spiced up with foods like gumbo, andouille, etouffees, sauce piquantes, cayenne pepper, Tabasco and crawfish. The senses tingle and feet keep tapping with the sounds of jazz, blues and zydeco. Louisiana covers 43,562 square miles, with a 2013 estimated population of 4,625,470 people – with 768,088 people living in rural Louisiana (USDA-ERS). Baton Rouge is the state capital. The state’s largest cities are New Orleans, Baton Rouge and Shreveport. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 63.5% of the state’s population is white, 32.4% is Black/African-American, and 4.7% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (2013).
There are 127 hospitals in Louisiana (Kaiser, 2011), 27 of which are identified by the Flex Monitoring Team as Critical Access Hospitals (February 2014). There are 112 Rural Health Clinics in Louisiana (Kaiser, 2012) and 29 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 96 sites in the state (LPCA, 2012).
20.0% of Louisiana residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2011). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Louisiana residents in 2012 was $40,057, although rural per-capita income lagged at $33,702. Estimates from 2012 indicate a poverty rate of 24.5% exists in rural Louisiana, compared to 19.3% in urban areas of the state. 2012 ACS data reports that 23.7% of the rural population has not completed high school, compared to 16.6% of urban populations. The unemployment rate in rural Louisiana is 7.5%, while in urban Louisiana, it is 5.9% (USDA-ERS, 2013).For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.
U.S. Census Bureau: State & County QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Louisiana Primary Care Association (LPCA)
There are more organizations related to Louisiana in the organizations section.
Last Reviewed: 12/5/2013