Maine covers 30,862 square miles, with a 2013 estimated population of 1,328,302 people – with 547,434 people living in rural Maine (USDA-ERS). Augusta is the state capital. The state’s largest cities are Portland, Lewiston and Bangor. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 95.2% of the state’s population is white, 1.4% is Black/African-American, and 1.4% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (2013).

Maine Rural Healthcare Facilities

Maine Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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There are 37 hospitals in Maine (Kaiser, 2012), and 15 hospitals are identified by the Flex Monitoring Team as Critical Access Hospitals (November 2014). There are 39 Rural Health Clinics in Maine (Kaiser, 2012), and 18 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 108 sites in the state (Kaiser, 2011).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Maine

10.0% of Maine residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2013). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Maine residents in 2013 was $40,924, although rural per-capita income lagged at $37,482. Estimates from 2013 indicate a poverty rate of 15.6% exists in rural Maine, compared to 12.9% in urban areas of the state. The ERS reports, based on 2009-2013 ACS data, that 10.0% of the rural population has not completed high school, compared to 8.1% of urban populations. The unemployment rate in rural Maine is 7.7%, while in urban Maine it is 6.0% (USDA-ERS, 2013).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
U.S. Census Bureau: State & County QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List


Maine Office of Rural Health and Primary Care
Phone: 207.287.5524
Manages health personnel recruitment and retention programs and provides technical assistance for communities to receive grants that benefit health care and rural areas; facilitates communication on rural health issues among providers, consumers and government programs.
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There are more organizations related to Maine in the organizations section.