Michigan is surrounded by four of the Great Lakes and has the longest shoreline in the continental United States. The state's name is taken from the Indian word “Michigama,” meaning great or large lake. It is the only state made up of two peninsulas, the lower "Mitten" and the Upper Peninsula, or U.P. Michigan covers 56,804 square miles, with a 2012 estimated population of 9,883,360 people – 1,806,475 living in rural Michigan (USDA-ERS). Lansing, the capital, is located in the middle of Michigan's Lower Peninsula. The state’s largest cities are Detroit, Grand Rapids and Warren. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 80.1% of the state’s population is white, 14.3% is African-American/Black, 2.6% is Asian, and 4.6% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (2012).
There are 153 hospitals in Michigan (Kaiser, 2011). The state has 36 hospitals identified by the Flex Monitoring Team as Critical Access Hospitals (June 2013). There are 172 Rural Health Clinics in Michigan (Kaiser, 2012), and 29 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 158 sites in the state (Kaiser, 2011).
Most Michiganians have some form of health insurance coverage, although 13.0% of the state's residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2011). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Michiganians in 2012 was $38,291, although rural per-capita income lagged at $32,667. Estimates from 2012 indicate a poverty rate of 17.0% exists in rural Michigan, compared to a 17.4% level in urban areas of the state. 2012 ACS data reports that 11.6% of the rural population has not completed high school, compared to 11.2% of urban populations. The unemployment rate in rural Michigan is at 9.3% while in urban Michigan it is at 9.1% (USDA-ERS, 2012).For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.
U.S. Census Bureau: State & County QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List
Directory of Rural Health
Contact information for people and organizations in Michigan with an interest in rural health.
There are more organizations related to Michigan in the organizations section.
Last Reviewed: 1/27/2014