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Minnesota

Minnesota is called the land of 10,000 lakes and gets its name from the Dakota word “minisota,” meaning “water that reflects the sky.” Minnesota covers 79,610 square miles, with a 2013 estimated population of 5,420,380 people - 1,239,392 living in rural Minnesota (USDA-ERS). Saint Paul, the state capital, is located in the southern region of the state. The largest cities are Minneapolis, Saint Paul, Bloomington, Duluth and Rochester. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 86.2% of the state’s population is white, 5.7% is Black/African-American, 1.3% is American Indian, 4.5% is Asian, and 5.0% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (2013).

Minnesota Rural Healthcare Facilities

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There are 132 hospitals in Minnesota (Kaiser, 2011), 84 of which are located in rural areas (North Carolina Rural Health Research and Policy Analysis Center, Dec. 2008). The state has 79 hospitals identified by the Flex Monitoring Team as Critical Access Hospitals (February 2014). There are also 83 Rural Health Clinics in Minnesota (Kaiser, 2012), and 17 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 74 sites in the state (MNACHC, 2012).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Minnesota

Most Minnesotans have some form of health insurance coverage, although 9.0% of its residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2011). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Minnesotans in 2012 was $46,925, although rural per-capita income lagged at $41,301. Estimates from 2012 indicate a poverty rate of 12.2% exists in rural Minnesota, compared to a 11.1% level in urban areas of the state. 2012 ACS data reports that 10.4% of the rural population has not completed high school, compared to 7.4% of urban populations. The unemployment rate in rural Minnesota is at 5.6% while in urban Minnesota it is at 4.9% (USDA-ERS, 2013).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
U.S. Census Bureau: State & County Quick Facts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Minnesota Association for Community Health Centers

Contacts

Minnesota Department of Health - Office of Rural Health and Primary Care
Phone: 651.201.3838
Email: health.orhpc@state.mn.us
Provides technical assistance for clinics and hospitals, works to recruit and retain health professionals, and promotes access to quality health care for rural and underserved urban Minnesotans.
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There are more organizations related to Minnesota in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 11/19/2013

More State Data
Our state-by-state guide lists more resources that provide state-specific and comparative information.
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Funding for this project was supported by Grant Number U56RH05539 from the Office of Rural Health Policy, Health Resources and Services Administration, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The contents of this website are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the funder.