Mississippi covers 46,907 square miles, with a 2013 estimated population of 2,991,207 people – with 1,632,059 people living in rural Mississippi (USDA-ERS). Jackson is the state capital. The state’s largest cities are Jackson, Gulfport and Biloxi. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 59.8% of the state’s population is white, 37.4% is Black/African-American, and 2.9% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (2013).

Mississippi Rural Healthcare Facilities

Mississippi Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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There are 98 hospitals in Mississippi (Kaiser, 2012), 32 of which are identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 11/2014). There are 176 Rural Health Clinics in Mississippi (CMS, 2015) and 21 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 197 sites in the state (NACHC, 2013).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Mississippi

14.0% of Mississippi residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2013). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Mississippi residents in 2013 was $33,913 although rural per-capita income lagged at $31,591. Estimates from 2013 indicate a poverty rate of 26.7% exists in rural Mississippi, compared to 20.6% in urban areas of the state. The ERS reports, based on 2009-2013 ACS data, that 21.8% of the rural population has not completed high school, compared to 14.5% of urban populations. The unemployment rate in rural Mississippi is 9.7%, while in urban Mississippi, it is 7.5% (USDA-ERS, 2013).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Rural Health Clinic List; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State; U.S. Census Bureau: State & County QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Mississippi Office of Rural Health
Phone: 601.576.7216
Serves to understand and improve rural health conditions within Mississippi through collecting and evaluating data, providing technical assistance, and updating a rural health care information clearinghouse. A division of the Mississippi State Department of Health.
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There are more organizations related to Mississippi in the organizations section.