Mississippi covers 46,907 square miles, with a 2012 estimated population of 2,984,926 people – with 1,631,237 people living in rural Mississippi (USDA-ERS). Jackson is the state capital. The state’s largest cities are Jackson, Gulfport and Biloxi. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 59.9% of the state’s population is white, 37.4% is Black/African-American, and 2.9% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (2012).
There are 99 hospitals in Mississippi (Kaiser, 2011), 32 of which are identified by the Flex Monitoring Team as Critical Access Hospitals (June 2013). There are 163 Rural Health Clinics in Mississippi (Kaiser, 2012) and 21 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 146 sites in the state (Kaiser, 2011). 19.0% of Mississippi residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2011).
According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Mississippi residents in 2012 was $33,657 although rural per-capita income lagged at $31,306. Estimates from 2012 indicate a poverty rate of 26.7% exists in rural Mississippi, compared to 20.4% in urban areas of the state. 2012 ACS data reports that 22.4% of the rural population has not completed high school, compared to 14.8% of urban populations. The unemployment rate in rural Mississippi is 10.1%, while in urban Mississippi, it is 8.1% (USDA-ERS, 2012).For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.
U.S. Census Bureau: State & County QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List
Directory of Rural Health
Contact information for people and organizations in Mississippi with an interest in rural health.
There are more organizations related to Mississippi in the organizations section.
Last Reviewed: 1/9/2014