Missouri is often referred to as the Gateway to the West. It is named for a Sioux Indian tribe, whose name translates to “the wooden canoe people.” Missouri covers 68,886 square miles, with a 2013 estimated population of 6,044,171 people – 1,556,587 living in rural Missouri (USDA-ERS). Jefferson City, the capital, is located in the central region of the state. The state’s largest cities are Jefferson City, Kansas City, St. Louis, and Springfield. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 83.7% of the state’s population is white, 11.7% is Black/African-American, 1.8% is Asian, 3.9% is of Hispanic/Latino origin, 0.5% American Indian/Alaskan Native, 0.1% Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander, and 2.0% other/multiple races (2013).

Missouri Rural Healthcare Facilities

Missouri Rural Healthcare Facilities map

View full-size map

There are 123 hospitals in Missouri (Kaiser, 2012). The state has 35 hospitals identified as Critical Access Hospitals (Flex Team, 11/2014). There are 391 Rural Health Clinics in Missouri (Missouri Office of Primary Care and Rural Health, 2014), and 24 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 200 sites in the state (NACHC, 2013).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Missouri

Most Missourians have some form of health insurance coverage, although 11.0% of its residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2013). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Missourians in 2013 was $40,663 although rural per-capita income lagged at $33,430. Estimates from 2013 indicate a poverty rate of 20.4% exists in rural Missouri, compared to a 14.3% level in urban areas of the state. The ERS reports, based on 2009-2013 ACS data, that 17.3% of the rural population has not completed high school, compared to 10.7% of urban populations. The unemployment rate in rural Missouri is at 6.7%, while in urban Missouri it is at 6.5% (USDA-ERS, 2013).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; Missouri Office of Primary Care and Rural Health; National Association of Community Health Centers: Key Health Center Data By State; U.S. Census Bureau: State & County QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets


Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services: Rural Community Health
Phone: 800.891.7415
Email: info@health.mo.gov
Serves as the Missouri Office of Primary Care and Rural Health. Helps communities provide access to healthcare services through community-based systems of care. Provides information on recruitment, loan repayment programs, and Missouri's rural health clinics.
view details

There are more organizations related to Missouri in the organizations section.