New York

New York covers 47,214 square miles, with a 2013 estimated population of 19,651,127 people – with 1,407,718 people living in rural New York (USDA-ERS). Albany is the state capital. The state’s largest cities are New York, Buffalo and Rochester. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 70.9% of the state’s population is white, 17.5% is Black/African-American, 8.2% is Asian, and 18.4% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (2013).

New York Rural Healthcare Facilities

New York Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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There are 178 hospitals in New York (Kaiser, 2012), with 16 hospitals identified by the Flex Monitoring Team as Critical Access Hospitals (November 2014). There are 10 Rural Health Clinics in New York (Kaiser, 2012), and 52 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 484 sites in the state (Kaiser, 2011).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural New York

9.0% percent of New York residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2013). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for New York residents in 2013 was $54,462, although rural per-capita income lagged at $37,518. Estimates from 2013 indicate a poverty rate of 16.6% exists in rural New York, compared to 16.0% in urban areas of the state. The ERS reports, based on 2009-2013 ACS data, that 13.1% of the rural population has not completed high school, compared to 15.0% of urban populations. The unemployment rate in rural New York is 8.1%, and in urban New York it is 7.6% (USDA-ERS, 2013).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
U.S. Census Bureau: State & County QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List


New York State Office of Rural Health (Charles D. Cook Office of Rural Health)
Phone: 518.402.0102
A division of the New York State Department of Health and focuses on rural health issues.
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There are more organizations related to New York in the organizations section.