North Dakota

North Dakota is named after the Dakota Indian Tribes who were the early inhabitants of the region. Dakota is most often referred to mean “friends” or “allies.” It is home to the International Peace Garden that straddles the border between the United States and Manitoba, Canada. North Dakota covers 68,976 square miles, with a 2013 estimated population of 723,393 people - 367,634 living in rural North Dakota (USDA-ERS). Bismarck, the capital, is located in the south-central region of the state. The state’s largest cities are Bismarck, Fargo, Grand Forks and Minot. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 89.6% of the state’s population is white, 5.4% is American Indian & Alaska Native, and 2.9% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (2013).

North Dakota Rural Healthcare Facilities

North Dakota Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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There are 54 certified hospitals in North Dakota (ND Department of Health, 2013). The state has 36 hospitals identified by the Flex Monitoring Team as Critical Access Hospitals (November 2014). There are 52 Rural Health Clinics in North Dakota (ND Department of Health, 2013) and 4 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 17 sites in the state (Kaiser, 2011).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural North Dakota

Most North Dakotans have some form of health insurance coverage, although 12.0% of its residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2013). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for North Dakotans in 2013 was $53,182, although rural per-capita income rose above at $58,591. Estimates from 2013 indicate a poverty rate of 11.0% exists in rural North Dakota, compared to a 12.2% level in urban areas of the state. The ERS reports, based on 2009-2013 ACS data, that 11.4% of the rural population has not completed high school, compared to 6.7% of urban populations. The unemployment rate in both rural and urban North Dakota is 2.9% (USDA-ERS, 2013).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
U.S. Census Bureau: State & County QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets; North Dakota Department of Health; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List


North Dakota State Office of Rural Health
Phone: 701.777.3848
Helps North Dakota's rural communities build health care services through collaborations and initiatives. Works with hospitals and facilities, Medicare Rural Hospital Flexibility Program, Small Rural Hospital Improvement Program, and grant development assistance. A division within the University of North Dakota's Center for Rural Health.
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There are more organizations related to North Dakota in the organizations section.