Ohio is known as the "Buckeye State" for its many buckeye trees. It is located in the Great Lakes region, with shoreline on Lake Erie and is bordered on the south by the Ohio River. The state has produced eight presidents, earning it the name "The Mother of Presidents." Ohio covers 40,948 square miles, with a 2013 estimated population of 11,570,808 people – 2,376,546 living in rural Ohio (USDA-ERS). Columbus, the capital, is located in the central part of the state. The state’s largest cities are Columbus, Cleveland and Cincinnati. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 83.2% of the state’s population is white, 12.5% is African-American/Black, 1.9% is Asian, and 3.4% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (2013).

Ohio Rural Healthcare Facilities

Ohio Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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There are 185 hospitals in Ohio (Kaiser, 2012). The state has 33 hospitals identified by the Flex Monitoring Team as Critical Access Hospitals (November 2014). There are 22 Rural Health Clinics in Ohio (Kaiser, 2012) and 40 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 180 sites in the state (OACHC, 2012).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Ohio

Most Ohioans have some form of health insurance coverage, although 13.0% of the state's residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2013). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Ohioans in 2013 was $41,049, although rural per-capita income lagged at $34,779. Estimates from 2013 indicate a poverty rate of 16.1% exists in rural Ohio, compared to a 15.9% level in urban areas of the state. The ERS reports, based on 2009-2013 ACS data, that 13.7% of the rural population has not completed high school, compared to 10.9% of urban populations. The unemployment rate in rural Ohio is 7.9%, while in urban Ohio it is at 7.2% (USDA-ERS, 2013).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
U.S. Census Bureau: State & County QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; Ohio Association of Community Health Centers (OACHC); Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List


Ohio State Office of Rural Health
Phone: 614.644.8508
Email: BCHS@odh.ohio.gov
Strengthens rural health care delivery systems across Ohio. Coordinates rural health initiatives statewide by collecting rural health information, coordinating resources, providing technical assistance, and encouraging recruitment and retention. Includes a rural health listserv.
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