Oklahoma has a rich and interesting history. Fifty languages are spoken in the state of Oklahoma. There are 55 distinct Indian tribes that make the state their home, and each of these tribes has its own language or dialect. Oklahoma covers 68,667 square miles, with a 2012 estimated population of 3,814,820 people – 1,342,559 living in rural Oklahoma (USDA-ERS). Oklahoma City, the capital, is the largest city and is located in the center of the state. The state’s other large cities include: Tulsa, Norman and Lawton. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 75.5% of the state’s population is white, 9.0% is American Indian & Alaska Native, 7.6% Black/African American, 1.9% Asian, and 9.3% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (2012).
There are 115 hospitals in Oklahoma (Kaiser, 2011). The state has 34 hospitals identified by the Flex Monitoring Team as Critical Access Hospitals (June 2013). There are 46 Rural Health Clinics in Oklahoma (Kaiser, 2012) and 17 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 66 sites in the state (Kaiser, 2011).
Most Oklahomans have some form of health insurance coverage, although 17.0% of its residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2011). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Oklahomans in 2012 was $40,620, although rural per-capita income lagged at $35,805. Estimates from 2012 indicate a poverty rate of 19.3% exists in rural Oklahoma, compared to a 16.1% level in urban areas of the state. 2012 ACS data reports that 16.2% of the rural population has not completed high school, compared to 12.5% of urban populations. The unemployment rate in rural Oklahoma is at 5.0%, while in urban Oklahoma it is also at 5.4% (USDA-ERS, 2012).For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.
U.S. Census Bureau: State & County QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List
Directory of Rural Health
Contact information for people and organizations in Oklahoma with an interest in rural health.
There are more organizations related to Oklahoma in the organizations section.
Last Reviewed: 7/29/2013