Oklahoma has a rich and interesting history. Fifty languages are spoken in the state of Oklahoma. There are 55 distinct Indian tribes that make the state their home, and each of these tribes has its own language or dialect. Oklahoma covers 68,667 square miles, with a 2013 estimated population of 3,850,568 people – 1,347,249 living in rural Oklahoma (USDA-ERS). Oklahoma City, the capital, is the largest city and is located in the center of the state. The state’s other large cities include: Tulsa, Norman and Lawton. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 75.4% of the state’s population is white, 9.0% is American Indian & Alaska Native, 7.7% Black/African American, 2.0% Asian, and 9.6% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (2013).
Oklahoma Rural Healthcare Facilities
There are 115 hospitals in Oklahoma (Kaiser, 2011). The state has 34 hospitals identified by the Flex Monitoring Team as Critical Access Hospitals (February 2014). There are 46 Rural Health Clinics in Oklahoma (Kaiser, 2012) and 17 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 66 sites in the state (Kaiser, 2011).
Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Oklahoma
Most Oklahomans have some form of health insurance coverage, although 17.0% of its residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2011). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Oklahomans in 2012 was $40,620, although rural per-capita income lagged at $35,805. Estimates from 2012 indicate a poverty rate of 19.3% exists in rural Oklahoma, compared to a 16.1% level in urban areas of the state. 2012 ACS data reports that 16.2% of the rural population has not completed high school, compared to 12.5% of urban populations. The unemployment rate in rural Oklahoma is at 5.3%, while in urban Oklahoma it is also at 5.5% (USDA-ERS, 2013).For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.
U.S. Census Bureau: State & County QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List
Coordinates, plans, and promotes quality healthcare for targeted, underserved rural Oklahomans. Works with communities to offer programs that train physicians and other healthcare providers, increase access to healthcare, and educate the public about rural health.
There are more organizations related to Oklahoma in the organizations section.