Oregon is a picturesque landscape of vast forests, volcanic peaks, fertile valleys, plateaus, and a rugged ocean coastline. With its large reserves of standing trees, Oregon is a leading producer of lumber and plywood, having to consistently balance the needs of the timber industry with environmental concerns. Oregon covers 95,997 square miles, with a 2013 estimated population of 3,930,065 people – 650,821 living in rural Oregon (USDA-ERS). Salem, the capital, is located in the northwestern region of the state. The state’s largest cities are Portland, Eugene and Salem. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 88.1% of the state’s population is white, 4.1% is Asian, 2.0% is Black/African American, 1.8% is American Indian & Alaska Native, and 12.3% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (2013).

Oregon Rural Healthcare Facilities

Oregon Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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According to the Oregon Office of Rural Health there are 58 hospitals in the state with 29 of these being identified as rural hospitals. 25 of the rural hospitals are designated as Critical Access Hospitals (November 2014). Also, there are 62 Rural Health Clinics in Oregon (Kaiser, 2012), and 25 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 138 sites in the state (Kaiser, 2011).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Oregon

Most Oregonians have some form of health insurance coverage, although 13.0% of its residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2013). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Oregonians in 2013 was $39,848, although rural per-capita income lagged at $34,726. Estimates from 2013 indicate a poverty rate of 18.8% exists in rural Oregon, compared to a 16.1% level in urban areas of the state. The ERS reports, based on 2009-2013 ACS data, that 13.0% of the rural population has not completed high school, compared to 10.1% of urban populations. The unemployment rate in rural Oregon is at 9.1%, while in urban Oregon it is at 7.5% (USDA-ERS, 2013).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
U.S. Census Bureau: State & County QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; Oregon Office of Rural Health; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List


Oregon Office of Rural Health
Phone: 503.494.4450
Email: ruralweb@ohsu.edu
Coordinates efforts to improve rural health systems, provides technical assistance to rural communities, recruits health care providers, advises hospitals about the Critical Access Hospital option, and serves as a clearinghouse for information and data on rural health issues.
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