Pennsylvania covers 44,817 square miles, with a 2012 estimated population of 12,763,536 people – with 1,500,430 people living in rural Pennsylvania (USDA-ERS). Harrisburg is the state capital. The state’s largest cities are Philadelphia, Pittsburgh and Allentown. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 83.5% of the state’s population is white, 11.4% is Black/African-American, and 6.1% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (2012).
The state has 13 hospitals identified by the Flex Monitoring Team as Critical Access Hospitals (June 2013). There are 65 Rural Health Clinics in Pennsylvania (Kaiser, 2012), and 35 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 231 sites in the state (Kaiser, 2011).
11.0% of Pennsylvania residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2011). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Pennsylvania residents in 2012 was $45,083, although rural per-capita income lagged at $35,159. Estimates from 2012 indicate a poverty rate of 14.9% in rural Pennsylvania and 13.5% in urban areas of the state. 2012 ACS data reports that 13.6% of the rural population has not completed high school, compared to 11.4% of urban populations. The 2012 unemployment rate in rural Pennsylvania is 8.2%, while in urban Pennsylvania it is 7.9% (USDA-ERS).For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.
U.S. Census Bureau: State & County QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List
Directory of Rural Health
Contact information for people and organizations in Pennsylvania with an interest in rural health.
There are more organizations related to Pennsylvania in the organizations section.
Last Reviewed: 1/2/2014