Pennsylvania covers 44,817 square miles, with a 2013 estimated population of 12,773,801 people – with 1,494,820 people living in rural Pennsylvania (USDA-ERS). Harrisburg is the state capital. The state’s largest cities are Philadelphia, Pittsburgh and Allentown. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 83.2% of the state’s population is white, 11.5% is Black/African-American, and 6.3% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (2013).

Pennsylvania Rural Healthcare Facilities

Pennsylvania Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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The state has 12 hospitals identified by the Flex Monitoring Team as Critical Access Hospitals (November 2014). There are 65 Rural Health Clinics in Pennsylvania (Kaiser, 2012), and 35 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 231 sites in the state (Kaiser, 2011).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Pennsylvania

10.0% of Pennsylvania residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2013). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Pennsylvania residents in 2013 was $46,202, although rural per-capita income lagged at $36,099. Estimates from 2013 indicate a poverty rate of 14.3% in rural Pennsylvania and 13.6% in urban areas of the state. The ERS reports, based on 2009-2013 ACS data, that 13.2% of the rural population has not completed high school, compared to 11.1% of urban populations. The 2013 unemployment rate in rural Pennsylvania is 7.9%, while in urban Pennsylvania it is 7.3% (USDA-ERS).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
U.S. Census Bureau: State & County QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List


Pennsylvania Office of Rural Health
Phone: 814.863.8214
Works to improve the health of rural communities and their residents by compiling, analyzing, and disseminating information to policy makers. Also works to encourage partnerships and identify opportunities for collaboration and cooperation.
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