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Texas

Texas is referred to as "The Lone Star State" that is symbolized by the star on the 1836 flag of the republic. It is a reminder of the state's struggle for independence from Mexico. Texas is the top producer of oil in the nation, but it also leads in beef production, cotton production as well as the space industry and technology. Texas covers 261,797 square miles, with a 2013 estimated population of 26,448,193 people – 3,023,593 living in rural Texas (USDA-ERS). Austin, the capital, is located in the south-central region of the state. The state’s largest cities are Houston, Dallas and San Antonio. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 80.3% of the state’s population is white, 12.4% Black/African American, 4.3% is Asian, and 38.4% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (2013).

Texas Rural Healthcare Facilities

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There are 420 hospitals in Texas (Kaiser, 2011), 149 of which are located in rural areas (North Carolina Rural Health Research and Policy Analysis Center, Dec. 2008). The state has 80 hospitals identified by the Flex Monitoring Team as Critical Access Hospitals (February 2014). There are 313 Rural Health Clinics in Texas (Kaiser, 2012), and 64 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 345 sites in the state (Kaiser, 2011).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Texas

Most Texans have some form of health insurance coverage, although 24.0% of its residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2011). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Texans in 2012 was $42,638, although rural per-capita income lagged at $36,010. Estimates from 2012 indicate a poverty rate of 20.5% exists in rural Texas, compared to a 17.6% level in urban areas of the state. 2012 ACS data reports that 23.3% of the rural population has not completed high school, compared to 18.6% of urban populations. The unemployment rate in rural Texas is 6.4% and in urban Texas is 6.3% (USDA-ERS, 2013).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
U.S. Census Bureau: State & County QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List

Contacts

Texas State Office of Rural Health
Phone: 512.936.6730
Email: RuralHealth@TexasAgriculture.gov
Serves as the primary state resource in planning, coordinating, and advocating statewide efforts to ensure continued access to rural health care services.
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There are more organizations related to Texas in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 7/1/2013

More State Data
Our state-by-state guide lists more resources that provide state-specific and comparative information.
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Funding for this project was supported by Grant Number U56RH05539 from the Office of Rural Health Policy, Health Resources and Services Administration, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The contents of this website are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the funder.