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Vermont covers 9,250 square miles, with a 2013 estimated population of 626,630 people – with 411,834 people living in rural Vermont (USDA-ERS). Montpelier is the state capital. The state’s largest cities are Burlington, Essex and Colchester. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 95.2% of the state’s population is white, 1.2% is Black/African-American, 1.4% is Asian, and 1.7% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (2013).

Vermont Rural Healthcare Facilities

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The state has 8 hospitals identified by the Flex Monitoring Team as Critical Access Hospitals (February 2014). There are 15 Rural Health Clinics in Vermont (Kaiser, 2012); 8 Federally Qualified Health Centers providing services at 48 sites in the state (Kaiser, 2011).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Vermont

9.0% of Vermont residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2011). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Vermont residents in 2012 was $44,545, although rural per-capita income lagged at $43,125. Estimates from 2012 indicate a poverty rate of 12.5% exists in rural Vermont, compared to 10.7% in urban areas of the state. 2012 ACS data reports that 9.3% of the rural population has not completed high school, compared to 7.5% of urban populations. The unemployment rate in rural Vermont is 4.7% and the rate is 3.7% in urban Vermont (USDA-ERS, 2013).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
U.S. Census Bureau: State & County QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List


Vermont Office of Rural Health and Primary Care
Phone: 802.951.1259
Provides planning, technical assistance and resources to improve access to health services throughout Vermont. A division of the Vermont Department of Health.
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There are more organizations related to Vermont in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 6/2/2014

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Funding for this project was supported by Grant Number U56RH05539 from the Office of Rural Health Policy, Health Resources and Services Administration, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The contents of this website are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the funder.