Virginia covers 39,594 square miles, with a 2013 estimated population of 8,260,405 people – with 1,061,716 people living in rural Virginia (USDA-ERS). Richmond is the state capital. The state’s largest cities are Virginia Beach, Norfolk and Chesapeake. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 70.8% of the state’s population is white, 19.7% is Black/African-American, 6.1% is Asian, and 8.6% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (2013).
Virginia Rural Healthcare Facilities
There are 94 hospitals in Virginia (Kaiser, 2012), 7 of which are identified by the Flex Monitoring Team as Critical Access Hospitals (November 2014). There are 44 Rural Health Clinics in Virginia (Kaiser, 2012) and 25 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 144 sites in the state (Kaiser, 2011).
Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Virginia
11.0% of Virginia residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2013). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Virginia residents in 2013 was $48,838, although rural per-capita income lagged at $34,236. Estimates from 2013 indicate a poverty rate of 17.8% exists in rural Virginia, compared to 10.9% in urban areas of the state. The ERS reports, based on 2009-2013 ACS data, that 21.6% of the rural population has not completed high school, compared to 11.1% of urban populations. The unemployment rate in rural Virginia is 7.7%, while in urban Virginia, it is 5.3% (USDA-ERS, 2013).For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.
U.S. Census Bureau: State & County QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List
Collects and disseminates information; provides technical assistance; helps coordinate rural health interests state-wide; and supports efforts to improve recruitment and retention of health professionals.
There are more organizations related to Virginia in the organizations section.