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Wyoming comes from the Dakota word "mscheweamiing" meaning "at the big flats" or "large plains." Wide-open grasslands, scenic rivers, and spectacular mountains dominate the Wyoming landscape from the Grand Teton to Yellowstone National Park, from the Shoshone National Forest to the eastern Great Plains. Wyoming covers 97,100 square miles, with a 2013 estimated population of 582,658 people – 405,876 living in rural Wyoming (USDA-ERS). Cheyenne, the capital, is located in the south-eastern region of the state. It is the state’s largest city followed by Casper and Laramie. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 92.7% of the state’s population is white, 2.6% is American Indian & Alaska Native, and 9.7% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (2013).

Wyoming Rural Healthcare Facilities

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There are 24 hospitals in Wyoming (Kaiser, 2011), 24 of which are located in rural areas (North Carolina Rural Health Research and Policy Analysis Center, Dec. 2008). The state has 16 hospitals identified by the Flex Monitoring Team as Critical Access Hospitals (February 2014). There are 18 Rural Health Clinics in Wyoming (Kaiser, 2012), and 5 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 14 sites in the state (Kaiser, 2011).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural Wyoming

Most Wyomingites have some form of health insurance coverage, although 18.0% of its residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2011). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for Wyomingites in 2012 was $50,567, although rural per-capita income lagged slightly at $49,166. Estimates from 2012 indicate a poverty rate of 12.0% exists in rural Wyoming, compared to a 11.6% level in urban areas of the state. 2012 ACS data reports that 8.1% of the rural population has not completed high school, compared to 7.6% of urban populations. The unemployment rate in rural Wyoming is at 4.7%, and in urban Wyoming it is at 4.6% (USDA-ERS, 2013).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
U.S. Census Bureau: State & County QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List


Wyoming Rural and Frontier Health Division
Promotes collaboration in expanding comprehensive, community based primary care services in the rural/frontier communities of Wyoming. Places high priority on improving access to care for the underserved, vulnerable, and minority populations of the state.
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There are more organizations related to Wyoming in the organizations section.

Last Reviewed: 12/5/2013

More State Data
Our state-by-state guide lists more resources that provide state-specific and comparative information.
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Funding for this project was supported by Grant Number U56RH05539 from the Office of Rural Health Policy, Health Resources and Services Administration, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The contents of this website are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the funder.