North Carolina

North Carolina covers 48,711 square miles, with a 2013 estimated population of 9,848,060 people – with 2,208,984 people living in rural North Carolina (USDA-ERS). Raleigh is the state capital. The state’s largest cities are Charlotte, Raleigh and Greensboro. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 71.7% of the state’s population is white, 22.0% is Black/African-American, and 8.9% is of Hispanic/Latino origin (2013).

North Carolina Rural Healthcare Facilities

North Carolina Rural Healthcare Facilities map

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There are 118 hospitals in North Carolina (Kaiser, 2012), 20 of which are identified by the Flex Monitoring Team as Critical Access Hospitals (November 2014). There are 86 Rural Health Clinics in North Carolina (Kaiser, 2012) and 28 Federally Qualified Health Centers provide services at 165 sites in the state (Kaiser, 2011).

Selected Social Determinants of Health for Rural North Carolina

16.0% of North Carolina residents lack health insurance (Kaiser, 2013). According to the USDA Economic Research Service, the average per-capita income for North Carolina residents in 2013 was $38,683, although rural per-capita income lagged at $32,553. Estimates from 2013 indicate a poverty rate of 22.3% exists in rural North Carolina, compared to 16.6% in urban areas of the state. The ERS reports, based on 2009-2013 ACS data, that 19.9% of the rural population has not completed high school, compared to 13.6% of urban populations. The unemployment rate in rural North Carolina is 9.4%, while in urban North Carolina it is 7.7% (USDA-ERS, 2013).

For a national comparison, please see an overview of the United States.

Data Sources
U.S. Census Bureau: State & County QuickFacts; USDA Economic Research Service: State Fact Sheets; Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts; Flex Monitoring Team: Critical Access Hospital List


North Carolina Office of Rural Health and Community Care
Phone: 919.527.6440
Provides technical assistance to small hospitals and community health centers in rural and medically underserved communities, recruits health care providers to work in rural and medically underserved communities, and provides grants for community health centers.
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There are more organizations related to North Carolina in the organizations section.